In Germany the Basic Law guarantees religious freedom; there are more than 2,000 mosques is the freedom of religion enshrined in the a church tax, collected by the state, to fin- Basic Law, the separation of church and ance social services. Schools must offer state in the sense of the state’s religious religious studies as a regular subject (limit- neutrality and the right to self-determina- ed in Berlin and Bremen). Islamic religious tion of the religious communities. instruction is currently being expanded. Around 700,000 Muslim children and young The state and religious communities co- people attend school in Germany. Addi- operate on a joint basis. The state helps fin- tional teachers are being trained in order ance nurseries and schools sponsored by to be able to offer them religious instruc- religious communities, while churches levy tion.