rate has risen by 5 percent since 2007, the one million applications for political asylum strongest rise within the OECD countries. Yet will be filed with the Federal Office for Mi- clear deficits are evident particularly in the gration and Refugees (BAMF) by year-end area of education. The high proportion of 2015. Germany is facing this challenge and young people with foreign roots who can read at the same time is committed to finding a and write German only poorly is problematic. Europe-wide solution to the issue of refugees More than 30 percent of 20 to 29-year-old based on solidarity. adults from foreign countries never earn a vocational qualification. Raising their level of participation in the education system is a key goal of the Federal Government. GLOBAL A further key task of migration and integration policy is protecting refugees. The German Basic Law gives those fleeing political persecution a basic right to asylum. In this way Germany reaffirms its historical and humanitarian responsibility. The number of people seeking asylum has increased significantly of late. Whereas in 2004 around 50,000 people applied for asylum, in 2014 the figure was more than 200,000. Owing to the contin- OECD study on the integration of immigrants In recent years Germany has succeeded in integrating immigrants ever better in the labour market. Yet deficits are still evident among children of parents born abroad. These are the findings of a comparative study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) entitled “Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015”. → oecd.org ual streams of refugees from war-torn and crisis regions in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, the expectation is that between 800,000 and 1997 2005 2014 Alongside migrant workers, since the mid-1980s ever more asylum seekers have been coming to Germany. From 1997 the Dublin Convention determines responsibilities of the EU states regarding asylum procedures. The “Microcensus” offers the very first opportunity to survey the migratory background of the population. According to the census, in 2015 every fifth person in Germany has a migratory background. More than 200,000 people apply for asylum in Germany in 2014. For the first time, almost half a million more people move to Germany than leave it in the same period.