Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 122

120 | 121 SOCIETY 2014, 108,420 foreigners were naturalised. bour is increasingly bringing well qualified Late emigrants of German extraction from migrants to Germany. The proportion of new the successor states to the former USSR con- immigrants with an academic background is stitute the largest group of immigrants, above the average proportion of academics in numbering around 4.5 million people. the German population. Migrants render an important contribution The EU Blue Card in particular is a central to social and economic development in Ger- residence permit facilitating access to the many. The Federal Government wishes to en- German labour market for skilled academics able further immigration, also to counter from non-EU states. Planned legislation is in- the shortage of skilled labour resulting from tended to link up immigration rules. demographic change. According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation the number Integration as a key task of of Germans of working age will sink from migration policy 45 million to less than 29 million by 2050. Without further immigration, the pressure With the reform of citizenship law in 2014, on social welfare systems will increase. The dual citizenship was introduced and the “op- pension system in particular is based on an tion obligation” abolished for the children of intergenerational contract, whereby the foreign parents who were born and grew up working population today finances with its in Germany after 1990. Previously they had contributions the pensions of the generation to decide for one or the other citizenship at that has reached retirement age on a pay-as- the latest upon reaching 23 years of age. you-go principle – with the expectation that the coming generation will later finance t