Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 104

102 | 103 EDUCATION & KNOWLEDGE TOPIC AMBITIOUS CUTTING-EDGE RESEARCH Science and research are held in high es- on R&D, even though it only has 1.2 percent teem in Germany. Over the past few years, of the world’s population. Between 2010 businesses and the government have con- and 2013, industrial companies in Ger- tinually increased their knowledge work many increased spending on R&D by more budgets. In 2013 the proportion of the gross than 22 percent to in excess of 57 billion domestic product (GDP) spent on research euros, thus investing more than ever in in- was 2.84 percent. Internationally this put novation. Between 2005 and 2015 the Fed- Germany in the top group of countries that eral Government increased its spending on invest more than 2.5 percent of their GDP education and research by 65 percent. In in research and development (R&D). In 2015, 15.3 billion euros are earmarked for 2013 in Germany a total of almost 80 bil- the lion euros was spent on R&D. Industry ac- with  further growth of 25 percent envis- counts for around 67 percent of spending aged by 2017. education and research budget, on research, with higher education institutions contributing 18 percent and the state German academics’ results are highly pre- 15 percent. The European Commission’s sentable: In the Nature Index Global, which “Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015” study evaluates the publication output of re- places Germany, together with Sweden, search facilities and higher education insti- Denmark and Finland, in the top group of tutions, published in late 2014, Germany “innovation leaders” in the European Union achieved top marks in Europe. At the inter- (EU). On a worldwide level, Germany ac- national level it is in third place behind the counts for seven percent of global spending USA and China. Germany – a high-tech location 604,600 men and women work in research and development in Germany; 360,900 of them are researchers. In terms of human resources and spending, the sectors with the greatest focus on research are pharmaceuticals, aerospace, and automotive construction. Patents of relevance to global markets in EU countries, per million inhabitants Denmark 464 459 370 328 EU average 153 Sweden Finland Germany Source: BMBF/Federal Report on Research and Innovation DIAGRAM