Facts about Germany 2015 2015 - Page 100

98 | 99 EDUCATION & KNOWLEDGE TOPIC DYNAMIC ACADEMIC LANDSCAPE The German academic landscape is highly According to the German Rectors’ Confer- diverse: There are famous universities in ence (HRK), in 2015 students in Germany major cities such as Berlin and Munich, could choose between 399 higher education along with excellent higher education insti- institutions (121 universities, 220 univer- tutions in Aachen, Heidelberg, and Karls- sities of applied sciences, and 58 art and mu- ruhe. Medium-sized universities with a sic academies). Together they offer 17,731 strong focus on research and smaller col- courses. As part of the Bologna Process to leges with an outstanding reputation form create a uniform European Higher Educa- the nucleus of the academic world. Whether tion Area (EHEA) initiated in 1999, 87.4 per- the international Shanghai Ranking, the QS cent of all courses now lead to Bachelor’s World University Rankings, or the Times and Master’s degrees. 238 higher education Higher Education World University Rank- institutions are funded by the state, 40 by ings – each lists between 10 and 12 German the church, and 121 privately. universities among the Top 200. Munich’s Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Heidel- berg University and Technische Universität Most popular non-English-speaking host country for international students München (TUM) do particularly well. In terms of structure and purpose, the higher educat