EVERYDAY SCIENCE vol1 - Page 7

oil in seas and oceans. Furthermore, Fortunately these incidents don’t while loading oil in a tanker some oil cause lot of harmful damage to the may spill. While cleaning a tanker, environment, but since they are workers discharge the oil in the sea. repeated and the uses of fuel by cars During transportation of oil and fuel, and planes increase, the amount some accidents can occur in the discharged also increases. vessel of transportation, for instance: “the Exxon Valdez spill” which took place in late 1980s; large amount of oil spilled due to a ship failure and till now, even after decades, it is still affecting the problem is The dangerously. Most of the people who some work in cleaning up oil spillage companies find that decomposing oil messes in marine areas, end up with is a very expensive process, they use heath problems, like chest pain, illegal ways, such as dumping their coughing, oil waste in oceans and marine areas, respiratory distress and vomiting. which affects the ecosystem. The From the article “oil spill’s human marine equipment is not the only health in extended into future” by cause of oil spillage in marine areas; Katherine automobiles, cars, and planes also use people who worked on clean-up of petroleum gazes like fuel. However, the Exxon Valdez spill filed claims sometimes while loading the gas or for respiratory problems, and follow- when road accidents occur, oil is up surveys have found that those who discharged from cars on the soil. had worked most closely with the Thus, spilled oil had” greater prevalence of after environment. Oil spillage affects humans that when raining, all these dizziness, Harmon; headaches, “Some 270 pollutants return again to reservoirs, symptoms such as rivers, seas and oceans, and in diseases...These symptoms are typical their turn pollute these marine areas. of acute exposure to hydrocarbons or of chronic airway