Essentials Magazine Essentials Spring 2018 - Page 8

Perkins + Will, Campus International School, Cleveland, Ohio. Photography Credit - © James Steinkamp Photography and justifiable mitigation strategies to meet students’ future needs? Through our work on the new World Trade Center as well as the new Sandy Hook Elementary School we have learned a great deal, but most importantly we learned that we cannot plan for the irrational. And, if past is prologue, we should not have confidence in our current lawmakers to enact meaningful gun control legislation (although we are inspired by the promise of change resulting from the work of today’s student activists). This understanding leaves us with this: how can we protect students and staff in the immediate future? We recognize that there is no “one-size-fits-all” solution. Our team encourages a participatory community dialogue to find a solution. That being said, we believe in a balanced and layered approach to campus security that begins at the perimeter of the site and integrates Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED). Additionally, there are three areas that we focus on: architecture, technology, and operations. ARCHITECTURE A balanced and layered approach to safety seeks to deter, detect and delay a threat by looking at three areas related to the built environment: campus perimeter, building perimeter and classroom or academic perimeter. The approaches outlined in the CPTED principles — natural surveillance, natural access control, territorial reinforcement, and maintenance — have proven effective in decreasing incidents of crime while improving the quality of space. Since, in emergencies, people follow people, we must always make accessible egress available with well-marked pathways. There are several points to keep in mind here: Campus Perimeter • Define the area and express ownership through signage, fencing, landscaping or other features. • Maximize natural surveillance so one can see possible danger (and so that there is an awareness that someone is watching). • Develop traffic patterns to help control parking, and separate vehicles from pedestrian walkways. • Utilize video surveillance where natural surveillance is not possible. • Manage landscaping as to support natural surveillance. • Implement lighting programs supporting CPTED principles. Building Perimeter • Create an easily identified and secure single point of entry. • Discourage easy access. • Layer the building from the front entry inward with secure zones that can be locked down when necessary. • Proactively manage visitors and how they access the building with their understanding that they may be momentarily inconvenienced with questions and perhaps a quick background check. • Manage after school activities when multiple visitors are present on campus and in the school. • Secure windows and doors knowing that a door left propped open 8 essentials | spring 2018 and justifiable mitigation strategies to meet students’ future needs? Through our work on the new World Trade Center as well as the new Sandy Hook Elementary School we have learned a great deal, but most importantly we learned that we cannot plan for the irrational. And, if past is prologue, we should not ha ٔ)ȁɕЁݵ́Ѽ)Ёհոɽͱ)ѥѡ՝ݔɔɕѡ)ɽ͔ɕձѥɽѡ)ݽɬѽéՑЁѥ٥̤Q)չхٕ́́ݥѠѡ聡)ݔɽѕЁՑ́хѡ)єɔ]ɕ锁ѡ)ѡɔ́qͥ锵̵tͽѥ)=ȁѕɅ́ѥѽ)չ䁑ՔѼͽѥ)QЁͅݔٔ)ɕɽѼ)͕ɥѡЁ́Ёѡɥѕȁ)ѡͥєѕɅѕ́ ɥAɕٕ)ѥQɽ՝٥ɽхͥ( AQѥ䰁ѡɔɔѡɕ)ɕ́ѡЁݔ́聅ɍѕɔ)ѕ䰁Ʌѥ̸(͕ѥ́ɥ)I !%Q QUI)ɕɽѼ)͕́ͅѼѕȰѕЁ䁄)ѡɕЁ䁱Ёѡɕɕ́ɕѕѼ)ѡեЁ٥ɽ聍́ɥ)ѕȰեɥѕȁɽ)ȁɥѕȸQɽ)́ѱѡ AQɥ+PɅٕɅ)ɽѕɥѽɥɕɍа)ѕPٔɽٕѥٔ)ɕͥ́ɥݡ)ɽ٥ѡՅ䁽M)ɝ̰܁ݔ)Ё݅́ͥɕ́م)ݥѠݕɭѡ̸݅Qɔ)ɔ͕ٕɅ́Ѽɔ) ́Aɥѕ+ѡɕɕ)ݹ͡ѡɽ՝ͥ)͍ȁѡȁɕ̸+5᥵锁Ʌٕͼ)͕ͥȀͼ)ѡЁѡɔ́݅ɕ́ѡЁͽ)́݅э+ٕɅѕɹ́Ѽ)ɽɭ͕Ʌєٕ)ɽɥ̸݅݅+Uѥ锁٥ٕݡɔ)Ʌٕ́Ёͥ+5͍́Ѽ)Ʌٕ+%ЁѥɽɅ)ѥ AQɥ̸) եAɥѕ+ ɕєͥ䁥ѥ)͕ɔͥЁ+͍Ʌ䁅̸+1ȁѡեɽѡɽ)䁥݅ɐݥѠ͕ɔ齹́ѡЁ)ݸݡͅ+Aɽѥٕ䁵٥ͥѽ́)܁ѡ䁅́ѡեݥѠѡ)չхѡЁѡ䁵䁉)хɥ䁥ٕݥѠՕ̴)ѥ́ɡ́եɽչ)+5ѕȁ͍ѥ٥ѥ)ݡձѥ٥ͥѽ́ɔɕ͕Ё)́ѡ͍+Mɔݥ́)ݥѡЁȁЁɽ