Equine Health Update Issue 2 Volume 19 - Page 12

EQUINE | Abstracts ANIMALS: 24 client-owned horses with unilateral mandibular frac- tures METHODS: Medical records (January 2000-Janu- ary 2014) of horses with unilateral mandibular ramus fractures were retrieved. Only conservatively managed horses with follow-up information were included. Fol- low-up information on clinical outcome was retrieved from the medical records (n=11) or obtained by tele- phone interviews with the owners or trainers (n=13). RESULTS: Twenty-three horses (96%) returned to their previous or intended use and had no clinically evident masticatory or fracture healing-related problems at the time of fol- low-up. The owner of 1 horse (4%) reported it had tooth loosening, feed impaction, and masticatory problems. CONCLUSION: Conservative management of unilateral fractures of the mandibular rami is a treatment a treatment option in horses. ______________________________________________ Vet Surg. 2017 Apr 29. Laparoscopic evaluation of the small intestine in the )ΝΡ…Ή‘₯Ήœ‘½ΙΝ”θQ•‘Ή₯ΕΥ”…Ή•™™•ΡΜΈ))½Ή•ΜI°I…±” °Ή‘•ΙΝ½Έ°M½ΡЁ Έ)‰ΝΡΙ…Π)= ) Q%Yθ)QΌ•Ω…±Υ…Ρ”Ρ‘”™•…Ν₯‰₯±₯Ρ䁅Ή±₯Ή₯…°½Υэ½΅•Μ…™Ρ•Θ)±…Α…ɽ͍½Α₯Œ•Ω…±Υ…Ρ₯½Έ½˜Ρ‘”Ν΅…±°₯ΉΡ•ΝΡ₯Ή•ΜΩ₯„±…Α„΄)ɽ͍½ΑδΈ)MQUdM%8θ)AΙ½ΝΑ•Ρ₯Ω”Α₯±½ΠΝΡΥ‘δΈ)9%51Lθ)!•…±Ρ‘䁅‘ձЁ‘½ΙΝ•Μ€‘»Š$χŠ$Τ€Έ(ΔΘ)5Q!=Lθ)!½Ί͕ݕɔΙ•ΝΡΙ…₯Ή•₯ΈΝΡ…Ή‘₯ΉœΝΡ½­Μ…ΉΙ••₯Ω•)…Έ₯Ή™ΥΝ₯½Έ½˜‘•Ρ½΅₯‘₯Ή”Έ=Ή”Α½ΙЁ݅́Α±…•₯ΈΡ‘”)±•™Π±…ΝЁ₯ΉΡ•Ι½ΝΡ…°ΝΑ…”…Ή€ΜΑ½ΙΡ́ݕɔΑ±…•₯ΈΡ‘”)Ι₯‘ЁΑ…Ι…±Υ΅‰…ȁ™½ΝΝ„ΈQ‘”Ν΅…±°₯ΉΡ•ΝΡ₯Ή”έ…́ΙΥΈέ₯Ρ )…ΡΙ…Υ΅…Ρ₯Œ±…Α…ɽ͍½Α₯ŒΙ…ΝΑ₯Ήœ™½Ι•ΑΜ°™Ι½΄Ρ‘”‘ΥΌ΄)‘•Ή½½±₯ŒΑ±₯„ΡΌΡ‘”₯±•½•…°Α±₯„ΈA½ΝΡ½Α•Ι…Ρ₯Ω”Α…₯Έ)͍݅́½Ι••Ω•Ιδ€Π‘½ΥΊ™½ΘΡ‘”™₯ΙΝΠ€Πΰ‘½ΥΙΜΈ!½ΙΝ•Μ)έ•Ι”΅½Ή₯Ρ½Ι•Ω₯„Α‘εΝ₯…°•α…΅₯Ή…Ρ₯½ΉΜ™½Θ€Θέ••­ΜΈ)M•½Ή±½½¬±…Α…ɽ͍½Αδέ…́ɕΑ•…Ρ•…Ѐȁݕ•­Μ°ΡΌΙΥΈ)Ρ‘”Ν΅…±°₯ΉΡ•ΝΡ₯Ή”…Ή…ΝΝ•Ν́₯…ΡΙ½•Ή₯Œ‘…Ή•ΜΈΈ•ΰ΄)Α±½Ι…Ρ½Ι䁍•±₯½Ρ½΅δέ…́Α•Ι™½Ι΅•₯Έ€Θ‘½ΙΝ•Μ°€Θ΅½ΉΡ‘Μ)±…ѕȁ…Ή±½Ήœ΅Ρ•Ι΄™½±±½ά΅Υΐέ…́ɕ½Ι‘•₯Έ€Μ‘½ΙΝ•ΜΈ)IMU1QLθ)1…Α…ɽ͍½Α₯Œ•Ω…±Υ…Ρ₯½Έ½˜Ρ‘”•ΉΡ₯Ι”Ν΅…±°₯ΉΡ•ΝΡ₯Ή”έ…Μ)ΝՍ•ΝΝ™Υ±±δ½΅Α±•Ρ•Ρέ₯”₯Έ•Ω•Ι䁑½ΙΝ”ΈQ‘₯́•Ω…±Τ΄)…Ρ₯½Έ±…ΝΡ•€ΜηŠ' NJ$Θĸȁ΅₯ΉΥΡ•Μ€‘΅•…»Š' NJ%M€°έ‘₯±”Ρ½Ρ…°)ΝΥɝ•ΙδΡ₯΅”έ…Μ€άϊ' NJ$Μиā΅₯ΉΥΡ•ΜΈA½ΝΡ½Α•Ι…Ρ₯Ω”Α‘εΝ€΄)…°•α…΅₯Ή…Ρ₯½ΉΜΙ•΅…₯Ή•Ή½Ι΅…°₯Έ…±°‘½ΙΝ•Μ°…ΉΑ…₯Έ)͍½Ι•Μέ•Ι”Ν½Ι•…́΅₯±ΈQ‘”½Ή±δ…‰Ή½Ι΅…±₯Ρ₯•Μ…Π)Ν•½Ή±½½¬±…Α…ɽ͍½Α䁍½ΉΝ₯ΝΡ•½˜΅Υ±Ρ₯™½…°Α•Ρ•‘€΄)…”…Ή•‘塽͕́₯Έ…±°‘½ΙΝ•Μ°Ι•Ν½±Ω•‰δ€Θ΅½ΉΡ‘Μ)₯ΈΡ‘”€Θ‘½Ί͕•αΑ±½Ι•Ω₯„•±₯½Ρ½΅δΈQ‘Ι•”‘½Ί͕έ₯Ρ )±½Ήœ΅Ρ•Ι΄™½±±½ά΅Υΐέ•Ι”‘•…±Ρ‘δ€ΰ΅½ΉΡ‘́…™Ρ•ΘΡ‘”)ΝΡΥ‘δΈ) =9 1UM%=8θ)IΥΉΉ₯ΉœΡ‘”Ν΅…±°₯ΉΡ•ΝΡ₯Ή”±…Α…ɽ͍½Α₯…±±δ₯́„™•…Ν€΄)‰±”ΑΙ½•‘ΥΙ”₯ΈΝΡ…Ή‘₯ΉœΉ½Ι΅…°‘½ΙΝ•Μ°…Ή‘½•ΜΉ½Π)…ΥΝ”Ν₯Ή₯™₯…ΉΠ‘₯͍½΅™½ΙЁΉ½Θ½΅Α±₯…Ρ₯½ΉΜΈ)}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}|)Y•ΠI…‘₯½°U±ΡΙ…Ν½ΥΉΈ€ΘΐΔ؁5…Θ΅ΑΘμ)U1QIM=U9΅U%%9) Q%=9L%8!=IML)]%Q  I9%=Y9QI0%MQ9M%=8=Q!) =a=5=I0)=%9P AMU1θM% %1%Qd=H) I9%=Y9QI0AAI= Έ)]‘₯э½΅ˆ5°Y…՝‘…Έ°-…Ρι΅…ΈL°!•ΙΝ΅…Έ(Έ+ŠˆΕΥ₯Ή”!•…±Ρ UΑ‘…Ρ”ƒŠˆ