Equine Health Update EHU Vol 20 Issue 01 - Page 10

EQUINE | Disease to 50%, while most animals in endemic areas survive infection. There is no documented cross protection between T. equi or B. caballi and horses can be infected with both parasites simultaneously. Concurrent infectious diseases, plant poisonings and immunosuppressive conditions (including immunosuppressive therapy) can result in clinical babesiosis in carrier animals, as a consequence of recrudescence of infection. Concurrent infections with African horse sickness have been well documented and horses presenting with signs of oedema of the head (supraorbital fossae), limbs and ventral abdomen, in conjunction with anemia and icterus should be assessed for concurrent African horse sickness infection.  Peracute: rare form of the disease usually only • documented in naïve animals, with the only clinical observation being animals found moribund or dead. • Acute: this is the most common form of clinical piroplasmosis characterized by fever (greater than 40°C), reduced appetite and malaise, elevated respiratory and pulse rates, congested mucous membranes, petechial hemorrhages, hematu XH[X[[]\HX[\[Y\[ܛX[ \H[\X[ۜ\HY][Y\YHX\XK\[Z[]Y[]\[\Y[][ۈ\Y[\ܝY[YH\\˂(XX]N[[ZXKX\\[Y[\]\]ZY[[\Z][]\(ۚXΈZ[[\][K܈\ܛX[H[[HX\˂(]\X[ܛ\Έ][[ۚXK[[ۘ\HY[XK\XX\]ZXK]\[[\]\[Z[]\[]\X[\X\KL([]]\Έ[X[ۈوYۘ[X\\]Z[\XB\]ZH][HYH[Yۘ[H\]Z]H[[ۋBۜ\]Y[Hو[X[ۈ\[ۈHYHق[X[ۈ][Y\\X[ۈZ[\H [Y[\ LIHو[Z[\\[]YXJKXܝ[ۋ[ۘ][\\[\  ^\وYJH[\و\[\X]X\Y\ˈ[X[ۈ]Z[\XH\]ZB[H\\[]][Y[و\Y\X\\X[XH\\[XY]\\[[B[X\]Y[Yۘ[Y\˂[X[]K][][Y[[[ۚ[[ۂ]YX[ۈو[[ؚ[ۘ[][ۈ[ۚ[[ۈ]]]Y[XH[[\Y[XB\H\X[[X]X[[[[[X[\]Z[B\\[\ˈXܙX\Y\XHX[[[]]Y[\X[\[Hܝ\[\ۈ\š[[ؚ[\XH]H[Y[[Y ܛ]B[Y[[[X[Z[وX]H\X\H]B؜\Y\\[HHۜ\]Y[Hو[]\[\[[\\ˈ]X\Y[X[\\H[H[ ܂X\X[X^H\X\[[]\K\B\\]Y[H\]YY[H]ܘ[Hۂ\ܘ][ۋX\Y[YY[H[HY^\\BZ]\[H[XH \X[[X[\Xܛ\B܈\Y ؛X [[ؚ[\X\\KX\X\X[[X[\X[[[ܜY\˜\H[\]Y[H[Y X\[YYBY\X\][H[Yܘ^ \\]\\BܛX[H[[ۜ]Y[\X[X[ۜ]Y[\HZ[ Y\H [Y\H KXܝY]\\ۙ[ۘ][[\X[H[[ۜ]B[Y[ZXK[\]HX\YX\\]XXYBۈ\\[[\[\X\Yܘ^ [YY[H[\]YY[H Y\H H[Y\H K\\]Y[ZXH[Y[[\YB(\]Z[HX[\]H8(