Epunchng - Most read newspaper in Nigeria 13th-September-2017 - Page 16

16 WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 2017 HEALTHWISE ... personal health, fitness, diet & weight issues 08116759793 @ BAdebayoPunch 08163528868 health_wise@punchng.com Swelling on your neck could be reason for infertility I F you have been unsuccessfully trying to get pregnant for more than six months, before you embark on an invasive medical procedure and spend thousands of naira for assisted reproductive technology, ensure that your thyroid is functioning at its optimum. Many women don’t realise that good thyroid function is necessary for fertility, the ability to conceive and to maintain a pregnancy. A low or hyper-functioning thyroid gland can prevent you from achieving that much desired pregnancy. While there are many and varied reasons for infertility, suboptimal thyroid function may be that “missing link” – especially for those with no specific reproductive problems. A full thyroid evaluation is essential and it should be done as soon as possible for any woman who wants to get pregnant, especially if she has any of the following: The thyroid gland is located near the front of the throat, just below the voice box and just above the collar bones. Every cell in the body depends upon thyroid hormones for regulation of the body’s metabolism, blood calcium levels, energy production, fat metabolism, oxygen utilisation, balance of other hormones and weight maintenance. E Oladapo Ashiru Professor of Anatomy/Consultant Consultant Neurosurgeon Reproductive Endocrinologist dapo.ashiru@medicalartcenter.com 0700 MARTCENTER If the pituitary gland is the headmaster of all endocrine glands that produce all hormones, the thyroid gland is like the deputy headmaster. Hormones involved with thyroid function include Thyroid-Releasing Hormone from the hypothalamus in the brain, which stimulates the pituitary gland at the base of the brain to release Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone. The latter in turn stimulates the thyroid gland to produce Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. Much of T4 is converted to T3 (the active form) in the liver. 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