Ending Hunger in America, 2014 Hunger Report Introduction - Page 6

INTRODUCTION nutrition programs such as WIC and food stamps (now the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP)—important as they are—are not enough without a corresponding effort to end poverty. The only way to defeat hunger permanently is to fight poverty at the same time, and that is what this report aims to show us how to do. 2014 is the 50th anniversary of the beginning of the War on Poverty. This was a “war” fought largely with new and improved social programs and with laws that Figure i.3 SNAP Caseloads Closely Track Changes in Poverty dismantled structures of racial injustice that had persisted since In millions, through December 2012 the Civil War. The civil rights move70 ment in the early 1960s was a driving 60 force that spurred government to Individuals with incomes at 130% of poverty* take action against poverty. At the 50 time, half of all African Americans lived in poverty.9 But civil rights 40 leaders were demanding more than SNAP participants 30 racial justice. At the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, 20 where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 10 made his historic “I Have a Dream” speech, one of the demands of the 0 marchers was to raise the minimum ‘85 ‘87 ‘89 ‘91 ‘93 ‘95 ‘97 ‘99 ‘01 ‘03 ‘05 ‘07 ‘09 ‘11 wage to $2.00, which is equivalent Source: Dorothy Rosenbaum (March 11, 2013), “SNAP Is Effective and Efficient,” Center on to $13.39 today.10 This demand fell Budget and Policy Priorities. CBPP analysis of U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Census Bureau data. on deaf ears in Congress an ????)]????!???????????????????)????????????????????????????Q???]?????A??????e?????????????????????????????)????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????()?A?????????!????) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????]???????????????)?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????q??????????)????????t???????????????????????????????????????????????)]?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)A?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????%????????????)????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)??????????????????)%?e???????????????????????9??????????????????????????????????????????????????)??????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????%?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????M9@)???????????????????????????M9@????????????????????????????????????????????)???????????????????????????????)1????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????)??????????????????? (+? ?????!????I????? ???()?((0