EASYUNI Ultimate University Guide 2013 Issue 6 - Page 27

CO U R S E S & C A REERS When we hear the word “waste”, we imagine something as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process, after excessive use. What comes next is disposal, but we never think about what happens to the thousands of tonnes of rubbish – from plastic bags, empty containers, spoilt food, chemical waste from production companies and clinical waste to outdated or used electronic devices – that are disposed of every day. Everyone loves new opportunities to make a difference in society and there is no shortage of that in waste management. Over the next few years, there will be increased emphasis on responsible environmental management from the private sector, government and international bodies. What is waste management? Waste management encompasses the management of all processes and resources for proper handling of waste materials and the collection, transportation, processing and disposal of all waste products – from maintenance of waste trucks and dumping facilities to compliance with health and environmental regulations. Waste disposal and recycling are now major concerns of governments, environmental bodies, local authorities and industries. There is a pressing urgency for society to reduce its waste and for experts to find ways to manage the resultant environmental problems. This has led to the adoption of different techniques such as landfills, incineration and recycling to curb waste. The collection of waste varies widely among different countries and regions. This domestic waste collection schemes are often put in place by local government authorities or, in some cases, by private companies. Waste is not something that should be discarded or disposed of with no regard for future use. It can also be a valuable resource if addressed correctly, through regular policy and practice. Why choose a career in waste management? The World Bank estimates that the world’s cities currently generate about 1.3 billion tonnes of solid waste per year and this figure will swell to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025. Managing this poses challenges for many governments, especially developing countries in Asia. As such, there is ready employment for qualified personnel in this field. Opportunities exist all over the world as countries battle to reduce the fast ever-rising levels of pollution and nonbiodegrada