EASYUNI Ultimate University Guide 2013 Issue 6 - Page 13

CO U R S E S & C A REERS Did you know? Education and requirements You need to complete training that can take a decade or more. This requires determination and a real passion for the subject. You will need to be very hardworking, patient and learn to prioritise. Your work will consume most of your time, so you are going to have to really enjoy what you are doing. The first step is to complete a bachelor’s degree in any pre-medical major. Although this can be any subject, some are more beneficial than others, especially chemistry or biology, as both subjects are closely related to medicine. It is best to check with the medical school you wish to attend if a particular degree would be preferential. The next step is to attend medical school where you will earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or a Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.). During this time, you will most likely spend the first two years alternating between classroom study and laboratory work and for the final two years you will be placed in a hospital or health clinic. This will provide you with a real insight into the work and give you first-hand experience. After this you will have to complete a residency programme, when you will be focusing solely on surgery, for at least five years. The first two or three years are often spent in general surgery and the rest spent focusing on plastic surgery. You may also choose to pursue a fellowship which allows you to specialise in a particular category of surgery. This takes approximately three years and will allow you to choose your career path. Contrary to common belief, plastic surgery is not named thus for the material but for the Greek word “plastikos”, meaning “moulding” or “giving form”. The first recorded nose job was in India in 600BC, carried out by removing skin from other parts of the face and shaping it round a leaf until it was the right size. In 2011 Americans underwent 13.8 million cosmetic procedures and spent a whopping USD10.4 billion! The average age for cosmetic surgery in the US is 41. In the US, 8 percent of all cosmetic procedures are performed on men,the most popular being liposuction. It is not just adults who undergo plastic surgery. In the US in 2011, 230,000 young people aged 13 to 19 has had plastic surgery. However, not all of these will be cosmetic. At the end of your training, you will need to become board-certified with the American Board of Plastic Surgery to confirm your knowledge and competence.You will be required to take a demanding exam and to have performed several surgical procedures. A shortage of plastic surgeons is common across many parts of the world. While Britain’s Department of Health and Social Services recommends that there is one plastic surgeon for every 250,000 Britons, there are only 1.5 plastic surgeons per million people in China and India. In several sub-Saharan Africa countries, there are far fewer and sometimes even none in the entire country. With Asia, especially South Korea and Thailand being the preferred destinations for plastic surgery, there is an even greater need for plastic surgeons to meet the demand for aes ѡ