Diplomatist Special Report: West Asia - North Africa 2018 WANA 2018 - Page 16

Agriculture Sharing Technology By AKSHAT VERMA* I ndia has made remarkable strides on the agricultural front, during the last three decades. Much of the credit for this accomplishment should go to the several million small farming families that form the backbone of Indian agriculture and economy. Policy support and public investment in infrastructure production strategies, research and extension for the crops, livestock and fi sheries have been signifi cantly encouraged to increase food production and its availability. India has high population pressure on land and other resources to match its food and development necessities. The natural resource base of land, water and biodiversity is under relentless pressure. Food demand challenges ahead are diffi cult, considering the non-availability of favourable factors of past growth, fast declining factor in the productivity of major cropping systems and swiftly shrinking resource base. Both India and WANA, have diverse agro-climatic and similar socio-economic circumstances, which create the potential for enhanced cooperation in this area. Some of the 16 •West Asia-North Africa key challenges faced by these economies are associated with food security, increasing productivity, nutrition and reducing losses, and raising economic gains for farmers. India’s commitment to engage with WANA is a reinforcement of the political and economic cooperation. Both regions are determined to work together and achieve the common objectives of food security, capacity building and skill development, improved health and nutritional conditions, technology transfer, and other parameters that have an impact on the economic condition of masses. The similar consumer markets in India and WANA provide great opportunities to work together and accomplish various global challenges. India has proactively collaborated with WANA states across various agriculture sub-sectors, such as land, farm mechanisation, food processing, agri-marketing and innovations in the agricultural space. This will ultimately contribute towards, achieving the twin goals of economic growth and food security.