Diplomatist Special Report: West Asia - North Africa 2018 WANA 2018 - Page 12

Food Security and Agro Technology Cooperation between India and WANA Region By PRERNA SANJAY* A t the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are targets to end hunger, achieve food security, and improve nutrition. For India, food security continues to be high on its list of development priorities because the country’s relatively high rates of economic growth have not led to a reduction in hunger or under-nutrition. India’s gross domestic product at factor cost and per capita income grew at seven and fi ve percent per annum, respectively, from 1990-91 to 2013-14. However, the incidence of under-nutrition has dropped only marginally from 210.1 million in 1990 to 194.6 million in 2014, and India has failed to meet the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Similarly, in the WANA region, the conditions are improving after the turmoil and series of civil wars. However, if one takes into consideration the growing threat of climate change that has a mostly negative impact on the region’s water reservoirs. Iran, albeit not on the index, is a prime example, as demonstrations against water shortages appeared in numerous cities in 2014. As fellow WANA countries are similarly arid, this phenomenon is likely to spread with the impacts of climate change intensifying. In addition, individual threats to countries, such as civil strife as in Syria, Libya, Yemen, and the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt; and disputes over dams, as between Ethiopia and Egypt or Turkey and Syria, are likely to pull down the 1 12 2 •West •We •W We e s st t A W Asi As Asia-North s i a a-N si a- -N N o or ort r rt t th h A Africa f fr r ri ica fri i c ca a