Diplomatist Special Report - Tanzania Tanzania 2018 - Page 38

Revenues from tourism have been increasing year after year with $2 billion in 2016 against $1.9 billion in 2015. In the fi nancial year 2016/17, 500,000 people were directly employed in the tourism industry and one million people were self-employed. In 2016-2017, the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA) collected a total of TZS 173.2 billion in revenues from entrance fees and contributed TZS 4.9 billion to tourism development projects. Mining is the new black Tanzania is recognised as one of Africa’s most mineral- rich countries. Mining in Tanzania includes metals (gold, iron ore, nickel, copper, cobalt, silver), industrial minerals (diamond, tanzanite, ruby, garnet, limestone, soda ash, gypsum, salt, phosphate, gravel, sand, dimension stones and graphite), and fuel minerals (coal, uranium). The contribution of mining and quarrying activities to the national GDP is estimated to be at 3.7 percent with a fi gure of $1.78 billion in 2014. Based on Tanzania’s Development Vision 2025 plan, the mining sector is expected to account for 10 percent of the GDP by 2025 due to various measures introduced in the mining sector by the Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MoEM). Currently, Tanzania is Africa’s fourth-largest gold producer, with the segment generating export earnings of $1.27bn in 2015. Majority of the country's mineral export revenue comes from gold. Tanzania’s mineral wealth also includes extensive reserves of diamonds, iron ore, nickel, uranium, coal, and graphite, with the industry developing as an increasingly important contributor to the national economy. Tanzania also exports sizable quantities of gemstones, including diamonds and tanzanite. Tanzania produces a variety of gemstones, including amethyst, aquamarine, garnet, ruby, sapphire, tanzanite and tourmaline. In the 2016-17 budget, the Government proposed to introduce training and subsidies approximating TZS 900 million to artisanal miners. In April 2010, Tanzania adopted a new Mining Act which provided for free state equity participation in large-scale mining projects, confi ning mineral rights for small-scale mining and gemstone mining to Tanzanian citizens or corporations exclusively controlled by Tanzanians. In 2016, the Tanzanian government under President Dr. John Josep XYY[H\ݙY]Z[[ Z[[][B\[[XXٙ\[HY[][ۜ[\H]H[{ HوHZ[[X܈\H\Y[ܙH\]Z]XB]Y[][[][ۘ[Z[[\[Y\[H]KX[YX\[Έ\[ܛHX[YX\[X܈[[[XH۝X]\œYۚ{ H[HH[I][Y[[\]Y[H\[ۈ K][ۘ[]YH܈ܛ[YX[ۂوݙ\H RRUHRJK]HYX\][Y[[\Z[XH[\X[][Y[XH NNMKB[Yܘ]Y[\X[][Y[]YH LJH[[ۙ›\˕[[XIX[YX\[X܈\[]][HX[[]\H[\X] L\[ [[ܘ\X[\\X[YX\[\ۘ[]Y[\\[X[H ݙ\ L JH[\XZ܈ۜX\\\H[][KXܙ[H M[H\ܝ[[XJHHHYX[][Y[[ QKBX[YX\[X܈\H\[HوXX\HXZ[H][YKXYY\Xۜ\[XZ[Hق[Z]Y\[وYܚX[\[܈\\H]X]\X[˂[]\YHXۜ]]HX] L\[ق[UKYHۋ[Y][XZ[\[X LIJKؘX JH[^[\ IJK]][ؚ[H[[ܘXB\[XH\Y[\X\Y[X[\ 8(SSP