Diplomatist Special Report - Tanzania Tanzania 2018 - Page 20

Q “Indian companies can now participate in energy projects in Tanzania” In a world grappling with climate change, renewable source of energy has become the key to fi ghting this issue of global concern. In an interview with Diplomatist, Medard Matogolo Kalemani, Energy Minister, Tanzania, elaborates on harnessing the renewable energy potential in the country along with its aim of becoming an energy exporter in the near future. The Hon. Minister was interviewed in New Delhi, on the sidelines of the International Solar Alliance Summit held on 11 March 2018. By MANISHIKA MIGLANI How is Tanzania building up its fastest growing sector of natural gas as a way to strengthen its economic position? There are a lot of investment opportunities in Tanzania in the fi eld of Natural Gas – a whopping 57.5 trillion cubic feet of gas is available in the country with further exploration underway. As much as 50 percent of the national grid in the country is powered by this resource. The rest is taken care of by hydropower and other kinds of renewable energy. Tanzania has both onshore and offshore deposits of natural gas with the Southern and Coastal parts of Tanzania having the potential for further discoveries. We have a Natural Gas Utilisation Master Plan which sets specifi c targets for increasing industrialisation in the country through the use of natural gas. Under the plan, we have set the following objectives which are expected to fetch results by 2025: a) Connect more industries and factories: Presently, there are 37 factories in the country which are supplied with natural gas. There are two upcoming major petrochemical 20 •TANZANIA factories that have been covered under this objective. The factories will be set up with European collaboration. b) Increase the supply in domestic households: Presently, more than 70 households are connected by natural gas in Tanzania and we plan to increase this to 30,000 households by 2025. By doing this, we want to reduce the dependence on biomass fuel (charcoal & fi rewood) in domestic consumption, especially in the Tanzanian city of Dar es Salaam. Also, the Government of Tanzania, in collaboration with the International Oil Companies (IOC), has planned to explore and extract natural gas under a win-win arrangement. More natural gas is required for domestic consumption apart from its extensive use in power generation, fertilizer and other industries. Subsequently, we may be able to export Natural Gas and Liquefi ed Natural Gas (LNG) to Asian and other neighbouring countries. There is also a huge potential for capturing Solar, Wind and Geothermal Energy in Tanzania along with extracting biogas from the agricultural remains. However, we need