Diplomatist Special Report - Tanzania Tanzania 2018 - Page 13

&A Mutual cooperation between Tanzania and India nd has been consistently reinforced through various international cooperations such as the var Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and other various initiatives under South-South Cooperation. How do you see this cooperation shaping up in the future, given the already existing strong ties India has with Tanzania? The relationship between Tanzania and India is a rewarding and enriching one. The same has been defi ned by historical, political, economic, military and, more so, by cultural connections. Apart from sharing part of the Indian Ocean, the trade, technological as well as professional ties between the two countries have cemented this relationship and, as rightly put, have continued to give shape to existing strong ties existing strong ties. India’s involvement with Tanzania can be explained not only by the large presence of an Indian Diaspora in Tanzania, but also by a large number of Tanzanians of Indian origin living in the country as well as those with Tanzanian nationality residing in places like Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The fi rst Indians arrived in Tanzania more than 90 years ago, shortly after WW1 when the League of Nations designated the then Tanganyika Territory as a Protectorate under the British control. At independence in 1961, a large number of Indians remained in the country and, today, they occupy an important place in the country’s economy. The available data shows that, at present, there are over 50,000 Tanzanians of Indian origin in Tanzania and an expatriate community of an additional 10000 Indians, mostly professionals who live and work in commerce, industries, and services. It can be stated that since its independence, India has maintained friendly and cordial relations with Tanzania. Like Tanzania, India was a staunch supporter of the nonviolent decolonization struggle in countries of Africa and Asia, and played a key role in the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). Overall, the various initiatives of South-South Cooperation pioneered by India have shaped up our relations with this great country. In 2008, India decided to embark on the path of Summit Diplomacy in engaging more with Africa. The First India-Africa Summit was held in New Delhi in the same year and was a momentous stride in strengthening the partnership at the Summit. India pledged a sum of USD 5.4 billion for new Lines of Credit (LoCs) to Africa, of which Tanzania has been one of the major benefi ciaries. Most of the funds from LoCs have been directed to social amenities projects in Tanzania such as water supply, education, ICT development as well as infrastructure development. The outcomes have been quite remarkable. The stage for further collaboration between India and Africa was again enhanced at the Second India-Africa Summit held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in 2011, while the Third India-Africa Summit was held in New Delhi in October 2015 during which Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced credit lines of USD 10 billion. The monies TANZANIA• 13