Diplomatist Magazine Diplomatist April 2018 - Page 15

INSIDE EUROPE: LEAD STORY Populist Politics and the European Scenario Populist politics in Europe is comparatively a new phenomenon when Populism emerged as a political dynamic within the democratic framework of the European countries. European political culture, after the renaissance and its centrifugal effects on European Society, has transformed massively, where the feudal Europe with fl uid boundaries emerged as geographical space encompassing constitutional frameworks in the polity of European countries that envisaged rule of law in domestic as well as external affairs. For example, two major instances of which are the Glorious Revolution in England in 1688, where the Absolute Monarchy was replaced by a Constitutional Monarchy & the French revolution in 1789, where the monarchical establishment in France was replaced by a republic. These two events led to a normative change in the European political culture, which was also morphed into whole of the Europe. Two other major events which brought constitutional order to Europe were the two world wars, which reset the political trend into a democratic cultured Europe. I am emphasising here that the ground for modern political trends such as Populism in Europe was laid after World War II, explicitly in a democratic framework. Hence, one takeaway from such an analysis is that populist politics even if it becomes the dominant political trend it will not alter the normative structure of polities of different countries in Europe. As I have mentioned in the introduction ‘Globalisation and Populism have an intrinsic connection’. The forces of Globalisation have uncovered a plethora of problematic factors for the countries which were not well suited to face such challenges. From an economic lens, we can understand that most European countries being part of the ‘free world’ based on a democratic constitutional order have ‘free market economies’ relatively when compared with other parts of the Modern political trends such as Populism in Europe was laid after World War II, explicitly in a democratic framework. Hence, populist politics even if it becomes the dominant political trend it will not alter the normative structure of polities of different countries in Europe. Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Diplomatist • Vol 6 • Issue 4 • April 2018, Noida • 13