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Examination Gloves When choosing an examination glove, you have the choice of three glove films: Latex, Vinyl or Nitrile. In veterinary practices we recommend the latex gloves, however, if you are allergic to latex we recommend the nitrile and if economy is your most important parameter, choose vinyl. Nitrile gloves have also become very popular as a milking glove in dairy farms due to its high strength. Powder-free vinyl gloves are also very popular when collecting semen at boar stations. Below chart rates the three types of glove films against the important parameters which you will evaluate when choosing a glove. Glove type Latex Nitrile Vinyl Level of barrier protection Excellent The longstanding benchmark for barrier protection due to its strength and elasticity. Excellent Nitrile film is highly resistant to puncture and tears. Poor Vinyl breaks and punctures easily during use and the fit around the wrist is poor. Allergen content Varies Latex contains protein and chemical allergens. Powder-free gloves are lower in allergens than powdered gloves. Very Good Nitrile contains no latex proteins but contains some curing agents and other chemical ingredients. Good Vinyl contains no latex proteins but contains some curing agents and other chemical ingredients. Strength and durability Excellent Natural rubber latex is very strong and durable with a very good tensile strength. Excellent Nitrile film is extremely strong with puncture resistance superior to all glove films. With a very good tensile strength. Poor Vinyl is the weakest of the four films and tends to break and puncture easily when stressed. With a poor tensile strength. Elasticity Excellent Latex elasticity is superior to the other glove films. Memory is very high allowing the film to always return to its original shape. Very Good Nitrile elasticity is very good with elongation limits typically 500% or better. Nitrile exhibits some memory, allowing the film to adapt to the wearer´s hand. Fair to Poor Vinyl elasticity is limited and varies from brand to brand. The film exhibits limited memory. Puncture resistance Very Good Latex is very resistant to punctures but can be pierced by very sharp objects. Excellent One of nitriles strong points. Puncture resistance is superior to all other medical glove films. Poor Vinyl is easily punctured by sharp objects. Fit and comfort Excellent Latex provides excellent comfort and fit due to its high elasticity and memory. Very Good Nitrile provides very good comfort and fits due to its high elasticity and memory. Due to a slightly tighter fit, users often choose a larger size. Fair Low elasticity limits fit and comfort for many users. The wrist diameter is usually very large making the glove baggy around the cuff. Chemical resistance Good Provides good protection from most caustics and detergents. Also recommended by OSHA for cytotoxic drugs. Excellent Nitrile exhibits excellent resistance to most chemicals especially harsh solvents. Poor Offers very little protection. Vinyl is easily permeated by organic solvents. Economy Very Good Latex provides very good economy for general use. Powder free versions are more expensive than powdered. Good Nitrile is more expensive than latex but can be justified when weighed against the cost of managing latex allergies. Excellent Vinyl costs are typically similar to those of latex. Vinyl is a low-cost alternative to latex if latex allergies are a concern. Recommended use Recommended as the first choice for barrier protection in the healthcare environment except for users who are allergic to latex. Recommended as a preferred alternative to latex. Also recommended for conditions where high strength and/or chemical protection is required. Recommended as a low-cost alternative to latex for short procedures not involving blood of body fluids. 06 | KRUTEX Examination Gloves