Dallas County Living Well Magazine March/April 2018 - Page 36

Fighting the Top 5 Cancers Protect yourself with the latest information in oncology. Courtesy Baylor Scott & White Health U ntil the day scientists de- velop a cure for cancer, it’s up to you and your medical team to protect you from the disease. Here is the No. 1 piece of advice for preventing the five most common cancers—and what re- searchers are doing to improve detec- tion and treatment. 1. BREAST CANCER Prevalence: Nearly a quarter of a million new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in the U.S. each year, mak- ing it the most common type of cancer in women. 34 Primary protection: For women age 40 and older, the most important measure for early detection is annual screening mammograms. Additionally, all women, including those younger than 40, are advised to do monthly breast self-exams to monitor any con- cerning changes in the breast. Promising research: Doctors are studying the genetic makeup of breast cancer to develop better drugs. “If we know the specific genes that are driv- ing a cancer and how those genes dif- fer from the ones in normal cells, then we can look for drugs that can target those genes more specifically while DALLAS COUNTY Living Well Magazine | MARCH/APRIL 2018 having fewer side effects on the nor- mal cells,” says Mark Holguin, MD, chief of oncology of Baylor Scott & White Health – Central Texas. 2. PROSTATE CANCER Prevalence: About 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime. Primary protection: Several stud- ies have suggested that diets high in certain vegetables (tomatoes, brocco- li, and beans and other legumes) and fish may be linked with a lower risk of prostate cancer. Also, some research shows a higher risk of prostate cancer