Cutting Edge Issue 2 - Page 55

MUSO JIKIDEN EISHIN RYU Left: Nakayama Hakudo. Right: Oe Masamichi In the previous issue of Cutting Edge, we outlined the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu style and it’s adoption by the Tosa samurai This issue explains how Muso Shinden Ryu was developed and its popularity throughout the iai community through the efforts of one individual – Nakayama Hakudo Sensei. Following the death of the 10th headmaster of Tosa Eishin Ryu – Hayashi Yasudayo – the Ryu split into two ha or factions. These were named after two highly skilled students who developed their own styles. The first was Tanimura Kamenojo Takakatsu, one of the regular retainers, or goshi (Tanimura ha); his style was more closely associated with the Tosa Iai and eventually developed into the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu. The other was known as Shimomura Shigeichi (Muso Shinden Eishin Ryu or the Shimomura ha), a classical warrior, which gave his style more prestige. He introduced considerable changes. Notable headmasters followed: 12th Headmaster Hayashi Masunojo Masamori, 13th Headmaster Yoda Manzai Yorikatsu, 14th Headmaster Hayashi Yadayu Masayori, 15th Headmaster Tanimura Kamenojo Takakatsu (d. 1862) – he is responsible for the development of the Tanimura ha – and the 16th Headmaster Goto Mogobei Masasuke (d. 1898), who further developed the Tanimura ha. It was around this time that a young and determined – and skilled – swordsman moved to Tokyo to embark on a path that would eventually changed the face of swordmanship and swiftly bring it into the modern era. Nakayama Hakudo was a student at the dojo of Negishi Shingoro of the Shindo Munen Ryu. Following an iai demonstration in 1916, the famous Shindo Munen Ryu instructor Itagaki Taisuke (1837-1919), remarked to Nakayama, that, without study, research and intensive practice in the province of Tosa, his techniques would always be incomplete and open for further perfection. This laid the seed that would gradually take Nakayama to Tosa. So a persistant Nakayama pursuaded Itagaki Taisuke to introduce him to a Sensei from Tosa. The introduction was to Yukimune Sadayoshi of Tosa iai. But Yukimune refused to take him as a student, since he wasn’t originally from the province. On receiving this news, Nakayama could do nothing but return to Tokyo, when Oe Masamichi, the future 17th soke of the Tanimura ha, made a suggestion. “Starting tomorrow, I will have four or five days of public demonstrations, and even though our CUTTING EDGE | 53