Custer Chamber Relocation Guide 2018 2018 Custer Chamber Directory - Page 8

8 C razy Horse Memorial is the world’s largest mountain carving in progress. Located in the Southern Black Hills, Crazy Horse Memorial is 17 miles from Mount Rushmore National Memorial and five miles north of Custer. The dream began in 1939 when Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear asked sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski to create a memorial to show that, “…the red man has great heroes, also.” The me- morial Ziolkowski created is a representation of the Lakota leader, Crazy Horse, riding his horse while gesturing in the distance toward the Black Hills declaring, “My lands are where my dead lie buried.” The official beginning of the massive carv- ing took place June 3, 1948, with the first blast on the mountain. It was Ziolkowski’s dream to create a memorial to honor the Indians of North America and that would be carried out and com- pleted by the American people. To this day, the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation does not ac- cept government funding. Work is continued through admission fees and private donations. The early work on the mountain was done by Ziolkowski, his wife, Ruth, and their 10 chil- dren. After Ziolkowski’s passing in 1982, the project was carried on by Ruth, who was re- sponsible for the completion of Crazy Horse’s face in 1998. She also expanded the Indian Mu- seum of North America® and in 2010, started the Indian University of North America®, which is accredited by the University of South Dakota. Ruth passed away in 2014 and left the groundwork of the memorial for her children. They are continuing the dream shared by Stand- ing Bear, Korczak and Ruth with the help of the Crazy Horse staff and the board of directors. Ziolkowski and Standing Bear designed the mountain carving to be the centerpiece of the greater goal – to bring education and cultural understanding among all people. There is no set completion date for the memorial and it is also to include a Medical Training Center and an ex- pansion of the Indian Museum of North Amer- ica®. Once comple