Cultural Encounters: A Journal For The Theology Of Culture Volume 11 Number 1 (Winter 2015) - Page 116

VOLUME 11, NUMBER 1 A JOURNAL FOR THE THEOLOGY OF CULTURE ecumenical organization and charts its recent developments on social engagement. The NAE has made significant shifts in its approach to race since 1990, when past president Don Argue began to address the problem of “whiteness.” Richard Cizik was perhaps even more instrumental in transforming the NAE as one of the authors of For the Health of the Nation, which expanded the Evangelical social agenda to include issues such as international religious freedom, HIV/AIDS, and climate change. Heltzel notes that Cizik and Ted Haggard both invoked the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. in a way that gets Evangelicals closer to the vision of beloved community. This chapter also shows that immigration concerns have also become more prominent. The next two chapters (chs. 7–8) feature the Christian Community Development Association and Sojourners, respectively. The CCDA emerged from the work of John Perkins, who experienced horrific brutality in 1970 at the hands of racist policemen in Mississippi. Perkins came to faith through Evangelicalism but became aware of the need for greater social engagement. He participated in the civil rights movement and has sought to transform communities with an emphasis on reconciliation, relocation, and redistribution. Heltzel regards Perkins’s Christology as one where Christ’s suffering helps illuminate black suffering so that it can ultimately be overcome. He further points out the intercultural vision of CCDA, which helps facilitate reconciliation and communities of justice. The chapter on Sojourners (ch. 8) highlights Jim Wallis’s theology that blends traditions as diverse as Anabaptism, the Catholic Worker Movement, and King’s beloved community. Wallis has a prophetic view of Jesus and regards conversion as “not just the redemption of individuals but also . . . transformation of the world” (187). Sojourners is a progressive Evangelical organization that explicitly addresses racism, along with several other social issues such as extreme poverty. In contrast to CCDA, Sojourners has a stronger emphasis on public advocacy in the form of activities such as lobbying, protests, and town hall meetings. Heltzel’s concluding chapter uses the expression “shade of blue green” to represent the change he observes in current Evangelical politics. “Blue” comes from greater identification with the suffering of the African American community, and “green” reflects the emerging Evangelical emphasis on the care of creation, global concerns, and AIDS. Rick and Kay Warren are one example of this shift occurring within the legacy of Carl F. H. Henry. Heltzel concludes that Evangelical politics is “moving from white homogenization toward a multicultural rainbow, from egocentrism to empathetic compassion for the Other, from militarism toward peace-making, from consumptive 118