CRETE Magazines May 2014 - Page 12

The Woman’s Role During the Battle of Crete and the Resistance T he role of the traditional Cretan housewife changed during the Battle of Crete and the resistance. Many women fought alongside men; others hid the rebels and any allies who were still on the island. They fed the rebels or offered their services as nurses, giving a new dimension to the struggle in Crete. All the people of Crete contributed in their own way. The children brought food to the fighters; herders alerted resistance fighters to approaching dangers with coded whistles. Through their efforts, Cretans hindered the enemy’s invasion. The following excerpts detail how women played a key role during the battle of Crete and the subsequent resistance. Four hundred and one people were killed during the Viannos massacres. Nineteen of the victims executed by firing squad were women. On May 25, 1941, during the heat of battle, the first mass execution saw 50 people killed from the villages of Perivolia and Misiria, outside of Rethymno. Seventeen of these individuals were women. Among them were Katerina Deli and her daughters, Angela and Anastasia. Another woman, Helen Astrinou Aggelaki from Gerakari lost her husband and her children when the Nazis shot them. She also lost two brothers, five first nephews, four first cousins and seven nephews. Finally, in Maleme, sisters Agapi, Sophia and Erene Paraskaki were victims of Hitler’s brutality and revenge. Maria Glymidaki-Manolaraki M Η Μαρία Γλυμιδάκη-Μανωλαράκη Η aria Glymidaki-Manolaraki was from Chrysavgi, Μαρία Γλυμιδάκη-Μανωλαράκη από τη Χρυσαυγή Kissamos. When she discovered a German paraΚισάμου αντιμετωπίζει μια κρίσιμη σκηνή όπου ο trooper fighting her younger brother, she attacked the μικρότερος αδερφός της βρίσκεται σε μια εξοντωτική paratrooper, took his gun, hit πάλη με Γερμανό αλεξιπτωτιστή. Χωρίς να him and left him unconscious. χάσει καιρό επιτίθεται στο Γερμανό, του παίρνει As a result, she and her brother το όπλο, τον χτυπά και τον αφήνει αναίσθητο. were arrested and sentenced Συλλαμβάνεται όμως και καταδικάζεται μαζί με to death by the German miliτον αδερφό της από το Γερμανικό στρατοδικείο tary court in Chania. Her senΧανίων σε θάνατο. tence was commuted by Hitler Με χάρη όμως που δίνεται από το Χίτλερ and changed to life imprisonμετατρέπεται η ποινή της σε ισόβια κάθειρξη, ment. She and her brother για να αρχίσει ο γολγοθάς του μαρτυρίου της were sent to a POW camp in στα στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης. Φυλακίζεται Zemun, near Belgrade. In μαζί με τον αδερφό της στο στρατόπεδο ομήρων 1943, she was transferred to του Ζέμουν κοντά στο Βελιγράδι. Το 1943 a prison camp in Auschwitz, μεταφέρεται στο στρατόπεδο κολαστήριο του Poland. While th \