Country Images Magazine North Edition November 2017 - Page 21

two-storey range parallel to the street in stone, of nine bays, the central entrance being ensigned by a large carved armorial panel and giving access to a courtyard behind. Th ere were two doors alternating with two ground fl oor three-light stone mullioned windows either side of the centre, with two-light windows above, providing the accommodation of the four old women and the warden. Flanking the courtyard were two ranges at right angles to the front one, each of four units in matching style, the roofs being pitched and tiled. Each person had a parlour, a kitchen and a bedroom above. Gardens led down to the Derwent. crowned, as before, by an armorial, in this case the Duke’s. A fi ne wrought iron balustrade by William Yates protected it from the road. rather older contemporary of Bess of Hardwick. Th is time, instead of having the inmates living on the road frontage, they were housed rather comfortably in two wings parallel to the road, and a range connecting them nearer the river with an arch through to the gardens which went down to it, all shielded by a very grand screen facing the road with a central entrance wide enough for vehicles and a pair of pedestrian entrances. Th e end bays consisted of interpenetrated pediments supported by a Roman Doric order, interspersed with niches. Th e centrepiece, supported by pillars, was Th is agreeable building, the maintenance income of which was topped up by William Cavendish, Bess’s eldest son (later 1 st Earl of Devonshire), by rents from Edensor, suffi ced for the twelve pensioners, until the time of William, 5 th Duke of Devonshire, who succeeded in 1764. He was somewhat infected by the same desire to build as his ancestrix, Bess, and was, by the time of his death in 1811, responsible for many improvements at Buxton (including the Crescent, currently being restored), Chatsworth and many other family properties, probably as a distraction from the gloriously wayward Georgiana. Th e censorious dissenter, William Hutton clearly disapproved of allowing the indigent poor to live in such style, writing: ‘Whatever convenience the interior of the present structure may now possess, the design of the front ill accords with the nature of the establishment. Th e simplicity and modest plainness that should exist in a structure KITCHENS, WET ROOMS, BATHROOMS & SHOWER ROOMS He was especially keen to improve the Chatsworth estate, and at fi rst hired James Paine to replace the stables there with the present epic construction, along with the unfi nished Palladian mill in the park. When Paine moved on to other projects, he hired Paine’s acquaintance John Carr to undertake work at Buxton, and Derby’s Joseph Pickford to continue at Chatsworth. Pickford’s greatest tour-de-force at Chatsworth was the Edensor Inn, a brick building of outstanding subtlety, the Edensor rectory (later destroyed when the village moved), the North Lodge, Ashford Hall for the agent, and three eighths of a vast but unfi nished octagonal stable block, also in Edensor, opposite the Inn. Bathroom Images of Leabrooks. To Somercotes Main Road B6016 LEABROOKS To Swanwick 44a Charles Street, Leabrooks, Derbyshire DE55 1LZ Hence it fell to Pickford to come up with a design to replace Bess’s rather poky almshouses with something altogether rather more up-to-date, re-named the Devonshire Hospital. Pickford, whose style tended to be pitched to accord with his clients’ requirements, was Neo-Classical when employed by a Tory (as at Kedleston) and Palladian, the favoured style of the Whigs, led locally by the Duke, when employed by the governing Tories’ political opponents. Hence the new almshouses, also in stone, were fi rmly in the Palladian revival style: ancient Roman elements disposed according to the published precepts of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio, ironically a es C rl ha t ee Str Opening times: Monday to Friday 9am – 4pm, Saturday 9.30am to 1pm. E: bathroomimages@btconnect.com T: 01773 608531 * Not in conjunction with any other offer CountryImagesMagazine.co.uk | 21