Concussion Comeback Plan ORTHO_130994_2017-05_Concussion Program Comeback B - Page 3

THE FACTS ABOUT COMING BACK FROM A CONCUSSION What is a concussion? A concussion is a type of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a forceful blow or jolt to the head that temporarily disrupts how the brain normally works. Usually, the signs and symptoms are immediate. • A person does not need to be knocked out or lose consciousness to have a concussion. • At least 80 to 90 percent of TBIs are concussions. • Most children and teens recover completely from a concussion within a few days to a few weeks. • Concussion symptoms often are most problematic in the initial hours to days and gradually improve. What is a traumatic brain injury (TBI)? A TBI occurs when an external force causes injury to the brain. • Mild TBIs are not associated with brain damage, and problems are generally temporary. • Moderate to severe TBIs often require extended hospitalization and frequently result in damage to the brain, leading to lasting cognitive, academic and psychological problems. Severity of a brain injury Concussions occur here mild moderate The majority of TBIs are mild injuries or concussions; Often requires extended hospitalization; frequently includes severe generally results in temporary problems. damage to the brain. 3