Compassionate Integrity Training Final CIT training manual 11-30 - Page 99

Compa ssionate Integrit y Tr a ining A S e cu l a r Ethic s Appr oa c h to C ulti vat ing Pe rs on al, S o ci al and E n vir on me n tal F lo u r i shing W hen we increase our forgiveness and contagion is not yet full-blown empathy, but it shows gratitude for others, we naturally increase that the foundations of empathy are deeply embodied our sense of closeness to them. This sense and deeply rooted in our evolutionary history. 75 of closeness then creates a fertile ground for enhancing our empathy. Empathy is the ability to understand and feel the thoughts, feelings and emotions of another, Cognitive Empathy and comes in two types: cognitive (understanding) The second channel of empathy is cognitive empathy, and affective (feeling). Affective empathy is when one which involves knowing the mental or emotional state resonates with another person on an emotional level. of another person. Cognitive empathy can happen just For example, if someone feels very sad or disappointed, by looking at someone and recognizing their emotion and we “feel their pain” ourselves. Or if one of our loved from their facial expression, or it can involve a process one’s experiences something wonderful, and we too feel of perspective taking, where we try to understand what joy in their happiness. Cognitive empathy is an ability a person is thinking and feeling. Cognitive empathy is to discern the emotional state of another person, helpful if we want to help another person, since if we whether or not you are resonating with their cannot understand their feelings and emotions, or if we emotion yourself. misread them, it might prove difficult to relate to them in a helpful way. 76 Empathy is a natural process. As humans, we experience “emotional contagion.” This dates far back in our Cognitive empathy by itself is not enough, however, since evolutionary history, probably at least as far back as we can use our understanding of another’s emotional the last common ancestor between mammals and birds, state to harm them. Psychopaths may perform fine on which is also likely when maternal care developed. cognitive empathy tasks, such as discerning another ’s Emotional contagion is the automatic transfer of emotional state or intention, yet they do not resonate emotions and behaviors from one person (or animal) with th HZ[و\ˈ]XوYX]H\ۘ[B[\H[]][ۘ\H\X]K\\šYHY\]K\][YۙH]ZXHXXBX]YܙH][YHHX]܈ۙ\[YB\[[ۈY[HXY\Y[Y[[[][ؘXHHH[܈\[[][YHY&]ۛ]܈ ܈JK HYH\^H[Y[ۙHX]ۜ[]XZ\\\[[HY[ZHX]ۚ[܈[Y[ۙH\\H[[\[[HH[Y[HHY[H][[\\[\ˈ[[[ۘ[۝Y[ۈ[H\YYXX[^\[ۜH[XYK[Y\[\^\ˈ[[[ۘ[HH܈\H[ۋHYHHHHH\HXYH[HHHHH\YHKH܈HBHL