Compassionate Integrity Training Final CIT training manual 11-30 - Page 87

Compa ssionate Integrit y Tr a ining A S e cu l a r Ethic s Appr oa c h to C ulti vat ing Pe rs on al, S o ci al and E n vir on me n tal F lo u r i shing questions: “What would happen if bias and prejudice were online at Harvard University. This test uses reaction times to decrease in a person, in society, between two groups to see whether those who take it associate white names that are often in conflict or in myself?” This method of and faces with good things as quickly as they associate questioning can be used for all the CIT skills and can black names or black faces with good things, and the same be accomplished through quiet reflection, journaling or for bad things. 56 If there is a clear discrepancy in reaction dialogue. The more we contemplate such questions, the times, this may suggest an implicit bias. This test can more we will develop critical insight into the harmful be used to judge a variety of types of bias, and often the effects of bias. Then on the basis of that critical insight, we results are surprising to those who take it. can cultivate an embodied understanding of impartiality and common humanity, which will undermine and weaken bias in our minds. Going through this process will also Implicit bias appears to be reflected in many situations in today’s world. 57 Recently, police departments in the U.S. have been under greater scrutiny for potential implicit enhance our ability to share our understanding of bias bias against African-Americans after a number of tragic and impartiality with others in a compelling way. shooting deaths. Studies have shown that bias may impact individuals’ decisions on how long of a prison sentence someone deserves, and that even in split-second Implicit Bias decisions, such as whether to shoot or not, reaction times It is easy to see the harmful effects of bias when may differ based on the perceived race of the person considering racism, sexism and the enemy images whose image is presented. 58 Fortunately, studies have also created in violent conflicts. It is easy to think of people emerged suggesting that intentional training methods, who exemplify bias and prejudice. In general, most of such as the cultivation of lovingkindness, can reduce im- us do not see ourselves as very biased or prejudiced, but surprisingly, even those we consider biased or prejudiced plicit bias across groups. 59 will often say they are not. What we see as their bias, they may see as views based on fact. This suggests that we may not actually recognize many of our own biases, instead mistaking them for fact or simply taking them for granted as “the way things are.” Recent research in psychology supports the notion that we can have biases that are unrecognized. This is called “implicit bias,” which may be based on norms that we have been exposed to in society and in our culture. Even if we may not be consciously biased against a particular group, we may still harbor negative associations with that group. 55 For example, one tool developed by psychologists is the Implicit Association Test, which can be taken for free Ce n t e r for Compa s sion, I n teg r i t y a nd S e cu l ar E t hics | L ife Uni ve rsi t y | M ar ie t ta, G e or g i a - 81 -