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Document: Denmark Workers’ Communist Party of Denmark – APK T he W or king Class and La bour Aristocr ac y in Denmar k T oda y orking Labour Aristocrac acy Denmark oday Reformists and revisionists agree with the bourgeoisie and well-paid bourgeois scientists that the working class is heading for extinction, and that it has outplayed its historical role in a complex modern society. Social democrats have persistently claimed that classes, class society and class struggle would disappear with the so-called ‘state of general welfare’ as seen in the Nordic countries. Capitalism could be made human and almost social just following the line of class collaboration and reformism. According to the widespread theory of the ‘middle class society,’ the working class will gradually become smaller and be educated and transformed into a growing middle class that will be the most important social force. According to this theory, the population of a given society is often described as one large middle class, except for some marginalised groups of rich and poor at each end of the scale. Another version is the idea that the working class has been incorporated into one large group of wage earners and has common class interests with employed leaders and high ranking functionaries. At the present juncture of acute class contradictions, some reformists have rediscovered the working class – but as a class with new characteristics, that has shrunk to a minority of the working population, in Denmark 47 percent. They have reduced the working class to comprise only people employed as skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled workers, while everyone thrown out of the labour market as unemployed – or as a conse- Feb, March - 2019 quence of neoliberal ‘reforms’ - now supposedly belongs to another class – the underclass – comprising 20 percent of the population. In fact the working class still is the largest and most important class force. But the working class of today is – due to objective developments – much more complexly composed and with a wider range of living conditions. We must study these changes In order to develop our politics and tactics as the communist party of the working class. The working class and ‘neoliberal’ imperialism The division of labour in ‘neoliberal’ imperialism and its ‘globalisation’ has meant a higher level of education of both skilled and semi-skilled workers in the high-tech part of production that is left in Denmark. The technological development of the means of production with its increased digitalization and industrial robots has made many jobs outdated and redundant and created a number of new labour functions, especially consisting in supervision of production, which demand other capacities than before. At this time we see a massive demand from the bourgeoisie for changes in the educational system through a series of reforms, streamlined to fit the needs of the corporations. The working class itself and its various groups and strata are thus differently composed from some years ago. We also notice increasing differences between the living and working conditions and wages of these different groups By Dorte Grenaa and strata. The divide-and-rule policy of the capitalists has meant paper fortunes for some in the shape of pension systems, home ownership and tax benefits, while others have lost their income, pension and home with the reforms of the unemployment system and others. The semi-skilled and unskilled workers have been and remain the most class conscious group. It is probably the group that has changed most dramatically during the neoliberal European Union governments of Fogh Rasmussen, Thorning Schmidt and the present one of Lars Løkke Rasmussen. Several hundred thousand unskilled jobs have been moved to countries with greater super- profits, notably in Asia and Eastern Europe, or they have been solicited in the ‘open market’ of the EU to foreign subcontractors, bringing their own cheap labour. More than a quarter of all semi- skilled and unskilled jobs have disappeared since 2000. In industry alone these account for more than half of the semi-skilled and unskilled jobs. The massive unemployment caused has especially been felt among women workers. The semi-skilled and unskilled workers are under heavy pressure by the social dumping of cheap labour by the European Union and the tax-financed social dumping of the public sector in the shape of different workfare systems, where you work for the small social benefits you may receive. More than one third of all industrial jobs of both skilled and unskilled workers have dis- 5