--classstrugggle-flipmag CS Mar-2019 MKP - Page 16

K ar s g andaliz ed arl l Marx’ Marx’s gr r a v e v vandaliz andalized The tomb of Karl Marx at London’s Highgate cemetery has been vandalized in a targeted attack that means the Grade-1 monument will never be the same. The suspected vandal damaged a marble plaque which was taken from Marx’s original 1883 gravestone and incorporated into the 1954 monument. The images of the defaced memorial, which attracts tens of thousands of visitors each year, show what appears to be the damage done by a hammer to the lettering of Marx’s name and the marble on which it is mounted. Ian Dungavell, the Chief of Highgate Cemetery Trust condemned the attack and said: “we think it was deliberately targeted against Karl Marx. … Regardless of what anyone thinks about Marx’s philosophy, it is an appalling thing to do. On a human level, this is grave of his wife, his own grave and other members of his family”. Though this vandalism appears as an individual act, it is the result of growing anti-Communist propaganda unleashed by the monopoly finance capital and consequent growing intolerance in the society of Western countries. Reservations in education are related to only the higher educational institutions run by the government. The private insti- tutions have to apply the reservations, but students from reserved categories have to pay several times more than what their counterparts in government colleges paid. As the policy of privatization of higher education being pursued at break neck speed, students from the socially as well as economically deprived sections are left in the lurch. The intermediate and elementary education has already pushed into oblivion. On the other, reservations in jobs are restricted to only government sector. The organized sector employs little less than 10 per cent of the work force. The organized sector consists of the central, state and public sector enterprises along with the private sector. Thus the reservations apply to only 5 per cent employ- ment, which is declining over the years. During the last four years, employment in the public sector enterprises has come down by whopping 13 per cent, from 16.9 lakh in 2014 to 14.7 lakh in 2018. 16 The railway minister announced that railways will fill the existing 2 lakh vacancies over the next three years. The other side of the coin is, if and at all the vacancies were filled, by that time another 2 lakh vacancies arise as around 60,000 railway men will be retiring from the service every year. Narendra Modi claimed that his government would create one crore jobs every year. According to Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), almost 1.1 crore Indians lost their jobs in 2018 alone. An NSSO study, which the Modi government refuses to release, showed that unemploy- ment rate in India recorded highest in 45 years and the employment destroyed in agriculture and manufacture due to demonetisation had not revived even after three years. The EWS reservation is a master stroke played by the ruling classes. The criteria for the EWS reservations were decided in such a manner that 96 per cent of the people belonging to the unreserved category are made eligible for EWS quota. For all practical purposes, this turns EWS quota on par with open category as the marks scored in the test would be the deciding factor for selection. This is making mockery of the very concept of reser- vations- only to dupe the youth. Seven decades after the independence, reservations for jobs and education in the govern- ment sector has not improved the educational and economic condition of SCs and STs to the extent it had to and as expected. Same is the case with OBCs. When the successive governments are shirking from the responsibility of providing jobs and education – that too under the din of enacting Right to Education and Right to Employment laws – there is no hope for the youth belonging to all sections and castes to get educated and employed in a decent manner. The youth should see through this smoke screen and understand the treacherous game of pitting one section of them against other for notional opportunities that did not exist being played by the ruling classes and their political parties. The experience of seven decades has categorically showed that the present social system is not able to provide decent living conditions for the people. The feudal relations prevailing in the rural areas act as a fetter for the development of agriculture and rural population. The wealth created by the labouring people in all sectors of economy is being drained by the imperialist sharks and gobbled up by a handful of Indian big bourgeois families, leaving a very small fraction to the people of India. This is the real cause of poverty in India and consequent backwardness of various communities and castes. Unless and until the feudal relations are broken by distributing land to the tiller and overthrowing the imperialist domination on Indian economy, the country and the people will not witness the progress ™ in their lives. Class Struggle