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Document Emancipation of Women – Perspective of CPI (ML) The Women who have been creating all the wealth, and playing an important role in reproduction are devoid of any rights or freedoms and are being oppre- ssed by the patriarchy. They are living as slaves of the slaves. India, where people of different nationalities live, was a British colony for almost 200 years. During this period of British colonial rule in the 19 th century many reformist movements had come up against brutal and inhuman feudal social evils. The people of India moved in a large scale in the struggle for liberation of the country from the British colonialism that was plundering country’s natural resources. The Indian national movement had initially drawn the women and organised them in to struggles in a large scale. This activity enabled the Indian women to tear themselves away from the traditional family ties and the backwardness of dark rural lives with patriotism and awareness to participate in struggles. In 1930s itself the then Communist Party of India had formulated the demands of the women to resolve the problems of the Indian women who were suffering under the British imperialism and the feudal enslavement. It provided leader- ship to their struggles. The Communist Party led the famous Telangana armed struggle for land, food and liberty of the people against the brutal oppression exploitation by the nawabs and feudal zamindars and against reducing the people as their bonded labour in Telangana region. The struggle against the rule of Nizam and Indian army June - 2018 liberated 3000 villages, established village states (Grama Rajyas) and distributed one million acres of land to the poor. The Communist Party had moulded the women as fighting forces against feudal exploitation and for liberation from all sorts of oppression. In the course of the movement women on one hand were able to face repression and the other were able to run the movement and protect the fruits of the movement. Thus they made great efforts and played valuable role. In this movement both women and men gained a progressive awareness that was different from the then existing feudal values. The Communist party made a special effort to train the women as political organizers, cultural activists and orators during this movement. It trained them in self -defence also. During this movement several women were molested and raped by the army and land lords. The women and men withstood the sufferings caused by these atrocities with the consciousness that they were the part and parcel of the oppression and learnt to cohabit in the families and society without caring the so called values of chastity imposed by the feudal society. Women were able to raise their social status. The Communist party launched an extensive campaign about the right of women to educate, to refuse the arranged marriages and to opt for marriages by consent or love. It also propagated against caste, religious and gender discriminations. The propaganda made by the Communist party about 1917 Russian revolution and anti-Fascist war inspired numerous people. In the contemporary period so many struggles such as the revolt of tribal peasants of Worli of Thane district of Maharashtra in 1945, the Tebhaga peasants struggle in West Bengal in 1946. In 1947 while continuing its economic exploitation and indirect control the British imperialism had transferred the power to the land- lords and comprador bourgeoisie who had colluded with it. The exploitation and oppression had further intensified on the people in the semi-colonial and semi- feudal system. The struggle against this ruthless exploitation and brutal oppression continued in the decades 60s and 70s. The Naxalbari and Srikakulam struggles have had their impact on the people of the country. They shook the ruling classes. Women had participated in these struggles militantly. They led the struggles. Hundreds of women like Panchadi Nirmala, Ankamma, Saraswati, and tribals braving the cruel oppression had laid down their lives in these struggles. They made countless sacrifices and became martyrs. The memories of their struggles and sacrifices remain in the hearts of oppressed masses forever. The women were in the forefront of the struggle of tribals of Kondamodalu in Andhra Pradesh in 1969, and they played a significant role in spreading the movement. Even today the activities connected to this struggle constitute a main part of their lives. In the struggles that are continuity in the East-Godavari, West-Godavari, Srikakulam and 3