--classstrugggle-flipmag CS June-2018 MKP (1) - Page 19

Watson cognitive computing platform use high-level simulations of human neurological processes to carry out an ever-growing range of tasks without being specifically taught how to do them. The artificial intelligence will bring many changes. As ride- sharing companies and shipping lines moves to use driverless cars, trucks and boats, tens of thousands of jobs will be eliminated. The integration of artificial intelligence with robotics will extend the wave of mass automation that has already displaced thousands of workers in every sector of the economy. According to a survey by Oxford University, nearly half of US jobs will be destroyed by AI and robotics in just the two decades alone. The assurance that more jobs would be created in newly emerging sectors is only a ploy to conceal the menace of unemploy- ment that is being ushered in by the AI. Already, AI is being used at Amazon warehouses to track every move employees make. Amazon’s systems count how many times workers go to the bathroom, and alerts foremen if workers stop to take a breath in around 15 miles they had to walk in a single shift. At companies such as Ola, AI is used to push drivers to work longer and harder jeopardizing their health. The use of AI for mass surveillance and war is evident in the drone assassination programme of US imperialism. The Google, Face book and Twitter hired thousands of professionals with military and intelligence background to analyse the drone footage and identify individuals and objects in targeted areas. Last month, 3000 employees of Google signed a letter taking a stand against Google’s collusion with US’s drone assassination programme which has killed and maimed tens of thousands of people throughout Middle East and North Africa. They demanded withdrawal of Google June - 2018 from ‘Project Maven’ – drone integrated mass surveillance programme of US military and they called for the adoption of a policy stating that “neither Google nor its contractors will ever build warfare technology”. The development of science and technology has to relieve humans from routine, repetitive and back breaking work. A worker can produce more with the use of machines. This has to lead more leisure time which the worker has to utilize for cultural development. Instead, adoption of newer technology has been leading to unemployment under capitalism. This is hotly debated topic. The job losses due to new technology, argue some, will be compensated in the emerging sectors. But reality is otherwise. The displaced worker is not in a position to gain as he lacks skills needed in the emerging sectors. This is so, as many studies revealed, even after retraining of the workers. Secondly, the new job opportunities are being created in the service sector and not in the manufacturing sector. This will have a negative effect on the overall economy. Even there is a more vacation time for certain job holders, the capitalist system has already made the leisure time into a commercial good. Utilising the leisure time for the educational and cultural development of workers and their families has become a mirage under capitalism. As the culture is being increasing made into a profit churning commercial activity under capitalism, the worker is being forced to ‘kill the time’ through what is being called the entertainment industry. Ironically the capitalist system is bemoaning that work is suffering as the workers are absconding and/or attending with hangover effects after killing time during the week end. On the contrary, in a socialist society, the artificial intelligence and robotics revolution will create the circumstances for a massive elevation of not only the economic well-being of the population, but also its cultural life. The replacement of tedious and back-breaking occupations will mean not mass unemployment and destitution, but rather greater leisure and an expansion of workers’ opportunities for education, family life, and cultural enrichment. The automation of the construction, and the expansion of additive manufacturing (3D printing) to construction, will vastly reduce the amount of labor required to build homes, schools and hospitals and ensure excellent housing for all. The leveraging of artificial intelligence in gene sequencing, drug development and analysis of medical studies will result in unprecedented breakthroughs in human health for the whole of humanity, not just the few who can pay for soaring drug prices, as under the capitalism. The roboticization of both farming and transportation will vastly reduce the cost of food, ending malnutrition and ensuring a high-quality diet for all—not the ruin of small farmers by agriculture conglomerates. The question is: Who controls the means of production and thus society? Two roads are open to humanity. The capitalist road offers a relent- less escalation of war, poverty, mass repression and totalitarian dictatorship. The road of socialism offers not just the freedom from all those horrors, but the liberation of all mankind from oppression and want. Until the productive forces, including the science and technology, are made into a common property of society, Scientific and technological innovations continue to serve the capital and artificial intelligence is an exception to this. Let us move ahead towards building a socialist society that applies science for the benefit of human beings. ™ 19