--classstrugggle-flipmag CS June-2018 MKP (1) - Page 12

Pahlavi fled the country and an Islamic republic of Iran came into existence which again nationalised the oil sector. It is the desire to have a hegemonic sway over the natural resource, that is oil, of the Middle East that US imperialism withdrew from the Iranian nuclear accord. The Iranian accord, called as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) was jointly signed by the five permanent members of security council (US, France,UK, Russia and China) and Germany and European Union in 2015. The withdrawal of US from the JCPoA has no doubt angered other signatories. China responded stating that having deal is better than no deal; dialogue is better than confrontation. Russia said it will try to keep the deal functioning despite Us withdrawal. German chancellor Angela Merkel, British Prime Minister Theresa May and French President Immanuel Macron in a joint statement regretted the Trump’s announcement and the European media vehemently condemned it. They said the Iran should comply with IAEA’s inspection while they remain committed to JCPoA. They also pledged to address the “major concerns” raised by Washington by stating “shared concerns about Iran’s ballistic missiles programme and its destabilising regional activities, especially in Syria, Iraq and Yemen”. Behind the diplomatic jargon, the real demand is that Iran should slavishly comply with the foreign policy of US and EU. And they wanted to extend dismantling of nuclear programme to missiles, depriving Iran one of the defence systems. This is the convergence of interests among the western imperialist powers. The European imperialist powers are seeking to promote their interests which are no less than those of US imperialism. They 12 wanted to economically exploit Iran. They join hands with US to unleash military (last month’s missile attacks on Syria) and political interventions like JCPoA in the Middle East. Here lies the conflict of interests among the US imperialism and European imperialists. In the article titled “Contracts worth billions up in smoke with US sanctions against Iran”, Le Monde drew up a list of the contracts major EU corporations stand to lose in Iran. These include a 10 billion Euro contract for Airbus for passenger jets to Iran; French oil major Total’s 5 billion Euro contract to exploit the South Pars gas field; Volkswagen’s plans to begin selling cars in Iran, as well as operations of auto maker PSA Peugeot-Citroën which holds 39 per cent of Iran car market and Renault-Nissan, which now sells 1,70,000 cars a year in Iran. The European imperialists are not ready to forego this market of Iran. This is the basis for the contention and collusion among the imperialist powers which is always goes against the interests of countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. For the imperialists making and breaking of accords is a matter of expediency that is part of defending its hegemonic exploiting interests. In the recent past, Mohammad Gaddafi of Libya had signed a deal in 2003 to give up weapons of mass destruction programme. But the US shred this agreement without giving any evidence to show that Libya violated the accord and unleashed a war on Libya to change the regime. We strongly condemn The US imperialism’s pressure in the form of sanctions on Iran to subjugate Iran and exploit is natural resource – oil- and to establish its hegemony over the Middle East and call upon the people to stand by the side of Iranian people in their efforts to protect their national interests and independence. ™ Rajinder Sachar A Staunch Supporter of Democratic Rights The passing away of Justice Rajinder Sachar on 29 th April 2018 was deeply mourned by all those who stand up for the democratic rights of the people. In his earlier years, Rajinder Sachar was a political activist, a trade unionist and socialist throughout his life. Later he became a lawyer practicing in the Supreme Court. He was made a judge of Delhi High Court in 1970. He retired as Chief Justice of Delhi High Court in 1985. Justice Sachar took a strong stand against the violation of democratic rights without a fear or favour. He stood up against the ‘Emergency’ imposed by Indira Gandhi in 1975 as well as the Supreme Court’s legitimisation of its imposition. Justice Sachar ordered the police to file FIRs on the leaders who participated in 1984 anti-Sikh pogrom in Delhi. Later these cases were taken away from his bench. He strongly condemned the communal violence in 1993-94 after demolition of Babri Masjid and massacre of Muslims in Gujarat in 2002. After retirement, he was elected as the President of Peoples Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) and continued in that position until 1995. He was well known for the thoroughly researched 2006 Sachar committee Report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community in India. As a socialist he opposed US imperialist invasion of Iraq and other acts of intervention. The CPI (ML) pays homage to Rajinder Sachar as the staunch supporter of democratic rights of the people. ™ Class Struggle