Backyard Action Hero Toyota Backyard Action Hero Guidebook August 2016 - Page 10

Urban Endangerment We’ve shown you some ways to help your city ecosystem, but how do we help the animals that are disappearing because cities are still growing? In 2007, 50 percent of the people on our planet lived in cities. According to one report, by 2030, that number may jump to 60 percent with an extra two billion city residents! In many areas, cities are expanding into wild spaces. These cities require more natural resources to function. This is bad news for the wildlife nearby. Have you studied the word “vertebrate” in science class? Vertebrates are animals that have backbones. Mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians are all in this group. Almost 10 percent of vertebrates have been listed as "endangered" due to the fast growth of cities. That means the species is disappearing and needs our help. What types of animals are most affected by the growth of cities? Species that are unique to a certain place, like an island, nation, or other limited area, are most often in danger of becoming extinct. Galapagos tortoises and the lemurs of Madagascar are both endangered. These species only exist in limited natural spaces and cannot be found anywhere else on Earth. Once their habitat is gone, they have no place to go. There is hope, of course! There are conservation groups who work to introduce these limited species to other areas. Governments, city planners and conservationists can also work together to plan more earth-friendly cities. Together, they can make sure growing cities don’t build on important wildlife habitats and also designate protected places for wildlife like reserves and parks. Many larger cities are working to help wildlife by carving out places for wildlife habitats and planting trees. Cities can also help wildlife by working toward renewable energy sources, like windmills and solar panels, to conserve natural resources and prevent pollution of important animal habitats. Through \HYܝH\HܙX][^\܈H]\[[]Hܛ^\ ][[H[“X\X][[\YXY\ΈH\\[[[[\YXY\\X\[X][\\[[[\ܝ[^H\K\]H][ۘ[\]\H\\H܂ˈ\HXY[ݚYHX]]›X[H]]H[YK\\[[ˈ^B[\\]ۜ\][ۈYܝB][YH[Y\[][\[]\H[\܈[YBYYK[Y\[\HܙX][[ۈ^Hš[[X\][H[H[˂[\YH[\[Z[H^H\Z[XBXˈ\Z[XHX\H[XYBH\\\][H[]Y]H[YB]H^H\H\Y Z\H[ۙ^H܈[\ܝ[ۜ\][ۂܘ[\ˈHZ\ݚ[H\HܙX]\وۜ\][ۈܘ[\[H[[]Z\ݚ[^˛ܙ[Y\\\‚Y[Hۛ‘Y[HۛBZ\ݚ[Hۘ]\ B[H]\H[\[YZ\[ۈX][ۙH\H]\H›Y[X\\[YBۜ\][ۈ\\˂۝X][ۜZYY[ۜ\][ۈYܝXY\Xݙ\KX]]\\][ۈ[X[B\[\ܝ[XY\ٛ\Yۜ\][ۈYܝ˜]YH[ؘ[K