Autistic Spectrum Digest (Autism) Issue 22, September 2015 - Page 22

Research in review Very premature babies linked to risk aversion, introversion and neuroticism A new study in the prestigious Archives of Disease in Childhood has found associations between very premature babies and behavioral complaints in adulthood. Led by Dieter Wolke, the study involved 200 adults, 26 years of age who were born earlier than 32 weeks of gestation or had 1500 grams and lesser birth weight compared with 197 adults with near normal birth weight and normal term delivery. Findings showed that very premature babies had higher chances of introversion, having difficult relationships and neuroticism as adults along with increased chances of having an autism spectrum disorder. Predicting autism in children with DiGeorge syndrome Researchers from University of California, Los Angeles have developed a unique system to predict if a child with DiGeorge syndrome will go ahead to develop either autism or psychosis. Led by Carrie Bearden, the study has detected differences in the genes with the deletion of chromosome 22q11.2, medically termed as DiGeorge syndrome. The syndrome endows highest risk for psychosis and significant risk of autism on people diagnosed with it. The scientists identified differences in about 237 genes that helped analyze whether the person will go on to develop autism or psychosis.