Autistic Spectrum Digest (Autism) Issue 22, September 2015 - Page 21

Research in review Self-assessment for autism adults with repetitive behaviors developed Numerous questionnaires and studies assess various traits of autism like social awkwardness, etc. Very few studies have worked on developing methods for self-assessing adults with autism. One such unique study published by the Cardiff University has created a first of its kind selfassessment questionnaire to help clinicians diagnose autism in adults. The study aimed to measure the extent to which adults with autism manifested repetitive behaviors that are a common finding in children on the spectrum. Repetitive behaviors are one of the important characteristics that are looked out for while diagnosing autism. The team believes that their test will provide a reliable method to measure such behaviors indicating frequency or severity. Missing gene surfaces to help build autism puzzle A new study has revealed another missing piece of the puzzle of autism that has been intriguing patients, parents, clinicians and psychologists world over for over 2 decades now. Researchers have identified a new gene that plays a key role in development of the human brain in early stages and dysfunction in which might lead to certain autistic traits. The team of researchers from CNRS collaborated with clinicians from the Marseilles Public Hospitals and other scientists from the renowned Salk Institute, USA to study human olfactory cells as indicators of early stages of ontogenesis, to see if new genes participated in producing autism. Summing up, the involvement of the enzyme, in inducing susceptibility to oxidative stress is key as oxidative stress has been found to be a repetitive factor in children on the spectrum. 21