Autism Parenting Magazine Issue 74 (Member's Dashboard) - Page 45

AUTISM SOLUTIONS their working days and how that affects the bond between dog and family. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides public access for people with disabilities who use service dogs but does not address the welfare of the dogs. Approximately 40 states have enacted laws that make “intentionally, knowingly, or even negli- gently harming an assistance animal” a misdemean- or or a felony. Most states have made it a felony to kill an assistance dog (Wisch, 2015). For example, California provides restitution of up to $10,000 or imprisonment in a county jail to any per- son who intentionally causes injury to or the death of a guide, signal, or service dog (West’s Ann. Cal. Penal Code, 2017). While this law is intended to protect an assistance dog, it is centered towards compensating the human. It also assumes that someone other than the disabled person has harmed the dog. According to Schmahmann and Polacheck (1995), it would be dangerous to afford legal rights to animals because they would damage human rights. Animal rights place animals in the same category as humans and therefore devalue human life without taking into account that animals kill each other while human life is considered valuable and the taking of human life is a crime. Currently, there are no laws providing rights to autism assistance dogs. Therefore, an autism assistance dog’s physical and emotional welfare is an ethical issue rather than le- gal at this time but is not often addressed before placement. In their study following 10 families and 11 autism assistance dogs placed into homes in Can- ada through 2003-2004 (one dog was retired and re- placed by a new dog), Burrows, Adams, and Millman (2008) found that most dogs had limited opportu- nities for play and rest. The dogs appeared to be ex- hausted and did not receive enough recovery time due to restrictions on drinking, eating, urinating, and the expectation that they be available to prevent the child from bolting. Some dogs were subjected to un- provoked aggression. A major concern for these au- thors was sleep deprivation. If the dog was expect- ed to sleep with the child, the dog could be woken throughout the night. If the dog attended school with the child and was “on duty” throughout the day, there was no chance for the dog to nap. There are few studies that analyze the issues that arise while integrating an autism assistance dog into a family. Many parents have higher expectations than a dog can meet. Also, parents often are not prepared for the extra work that caring for dogs entails, which can add to the stress of caring for children with au- tism. The time of year placement occurs affects the ease of integrating the dog into the family. Families who received a dog in May had the summer to work with the dog—their child was home, and they were able to exercise the dog. Families who received dogs in November duri Ёݕѡȁձ)ͥѕѱ䁕ɍ͔ѡȁ̰ѡ䁡ѡ)ɕ́ݥѠѡ̀ ɽ̀)̰स)QݼՕ́Ցѡ䁙ȁ䁵)Ѽɕѱ䁥ѕɕЁѡé٥Ȱɕձѥ)٥ɅՕ̰Ս́́ѕɽ)ѡх쁅ȁѠɹ̰Ս́)́ȁɡݡ͕Ʉݽɬٕд)ɥ䁕̸͕Qɕձѥфɽѡ́Ց)՝ѕѡЁɕ́хѥ́ѡ)ȁѡЁѡ䁡ЁՍѕЁ)ѕѥՕ́ѡЁձɥ͔ݡѕɅѥ)ѥʹͥхɥѡЁ啅ȁѼѡ) ɽ̰̀स)]ɕхѕ́ɕ͕ɍٔ͡ݸ)ѡ͔́ɽٔѡٕ́ɕݥѠԴ)ѥʹЁ́ͼхЁѼЁѡݕɔѡ)́Ѽɽ٥ٕͥиͥх́ɔ)ͽ́ѡЁɕեɔЁ䁉ͥɔЁͼ)͡ѥQٕ)ѥʹAɕѥ5饹%ՔЁ(