Ashland Living - Daily Independent Winter 2018 - Page 17

ANSWERS 1. The Puritans 2. A pagan midwinter festival celebrated by Germanic people. Yuletide is about two months long and falls roughly mid-November to early January. In the middle of Yuletide is Yule. 3. Birth 4. Saturnali, which course involved lots of feasts and drinking and merry making. It also involved role reversals where slaves were allowed to be rude to their owners and by some accounts were waited on by their owners. 5. Jan. 6. In the West, Christmas was always celebrated on Dec. 25. Now, except for a select few, almost everyone celebrates on Dec. 25. 6. The 16th century. The “X” in Xmas comes from the Greek letter Chi which looks like an “X.” The letter “X” has long been used as an abbreviation for Christ, as the Greek word for Christ begins with what looks like an “X.” 7. Saint Nicholas (Sinterklaas in dutch) and Father Christmas; also Odin would be acceptable. 8. Thomas Nast. who drew Santa for the Jan. 1, 1881 issue of Harper’s Weekly and the rest of the media ran with it. 9. “A Visit from St. Nicholas.” It was anonymously published in 1823. It has been attributed to, and claimed by, Clement Clarke Moore. 10. 1920s. 11. James Edgar, owner of a department store in Brockton, Mass.. He first dressed as Santa in 1890 to the great delight of his patrons. 12. 1955. 13. Austria. It’s original German title was “Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht.” The lyrics were written by Joseph Mohr in 1816. 14. “Hark! The Herald Angels Sing.” Charles Wesley who wrote the original carol expected the carol to be sung with slow and somber music. And it was. Until 1855, when William H. Cummings adapted music that Felix Mendelssohn had composed in 1840 to fit “Hark! The Harald Angels Sing.” Mendelssohn’s music was originally written to commemorate the invention of the printing press. 15. “Tinkle Bells.” The song was changed after Jay’s wife pointed out that tinkle could also mean peeing. 16. Germany. From Germany in the 18th century (possibly 16th century), it spread to Britain and from there to America and elsewhere. 17. Goose feathers painted green. These feather trees were first made in Germany during the 19th century. 18. 1933. 19. Kissing under the mistletoe. Mistletoe was an important part of Celtic and Norse religion and became intertwined with Christmas, but no one knows exactly how the tradition of kissing started. 20. Thomas Edison. In 1880, he put up the first Christmas display made from electric lights to advertise his light bulbs. ASHLAND LIVING | WINTER 2018 | 17