Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 80

80 Arctic Yearbook 2015 Table 7: Policy Authority & Service Delivery Canada Inuvialuit Region Gwich’in Region Inuvialuit Regional Beaufort-Delta Gwich’in Corporation Public Government Council Economic Development Employment Services Workforce Development Energy – Price Relief Land and Wildlife Land Use Planning Co-management Renewable resource mgmt. Social Services Healthcare provision Income Support Cultural Services Language Revitalization Public Health Scholarships (education) Children & youth services Education (K-12) Post-Secondary Education Social Services Emergency Services Local Government Taxation Justice and Policing X X X X X X X X X X Tribal X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X The promise of strong regional government remains for these two Canadian cases (and the Inuvialuit have announced that they have finalized an Agreement-in-Principle on self-government; CBC 2015), however, the eventual outcome of regional Indigenous governance will likely be more limited on policy scope and jurisdiction. Nonetheless, in the absence of self-government, these two regions have clearly carved out a policy space. Regional governance without self-government For both the Inuvialuit and the Gwich’in, regional institutional development has been highly constrained by factors of institutional identity. For the Gwich’in, the land claims institutions developed in 1992 were actively integrated into the Gwich’in Tribal Council, the existing Gwich’in institutions of First Nations government recognized under the Indian Act. Upon settling the Gwich’in Land Claim, the new institutions of governance (including the regional regulatory boards and the Gwich’in Development Corporation, akin to the NRCs) were folded into the pre-existing institutions of First Nations governance. The Gwich’in have moved into program delivery, building on the provisions in their agreement for administrative governance. Today, the Gwich’in Tribal Council has departments overseeing regional health and wellness, language and cultural services (through the Gwich’in Social and Cultural Institute), land management, and educational scholarships, among others. However, one Regional Governance Without Self-Government