Arctic Yearbook 2015
1. The International Polar Commission included the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Dominion
of Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Sweden,
the United Kingdom and the United States.
2. However, with the creation of the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) in 1991
the Regional Board soon lost its main rationale and while its meetings contributed to exchange
of information between key Arctic science managers, eventually the Board decided to disband
in 2008 (Rogne et al. 2015).
3. In 2010 the IASC Council decided, in order to best harness capacities and expertise of its
members, to come back to the originally prescribed structure, finalize the ongoing projects
and replace them with the thematically divided working groups listed above.
4. The idea of ACIA was brought to attention of the Arctic Council by Robert Corell, who at
that time was the IASC representative to the Arctic Council as Chair of the IASC Regional
Board. During the first US chairmanship of the AC (1998-2000) he presented to the Council
a proposal of a comprehensive assessment of climate change in the Arctic