Arctic Yearbook 2015
In order to evaluate the existence of shared identities, values, meanings and commonly long-term
interests, Amitav Acharya divided his analytical framework into three sections: one about norms in
dispute settlement, one about norms for collective action and one with regard to the issue of collective
identity (ibid.: 36). The main-guiding questions he identified for each of these sections will also form
the analytical basis of this article and are summarized in the following table:
Table 2. Constructing security communities: a framework (Acharya 2014: 36).
Questions about norms in dispute settlement
In handling intra-regional disputes, has the use of force been resorted to or seriously envisaged?
Has there been any indication of competitive arms acquisitions and military planning during the course of the
Does the group provide for institutional mechanisms to settle disputes between members?
How often do members resort to such mechanisms?
Questions about norms in collective action
Does the group follow its norms in devising functional cooperation, such as economic cooperation?
Does the group follow its norms in dealing with outside actors?
What is the level of support provided by other members of the group to a member who is involved in a dispute
with an outside actor?
How does the grou