Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 244

244 Arctic Yearbook 2015 Acknowledgments The author is grateful to the contributions of ENS Krakower, ENS Lash, and ENS Zimmerman, whose research at USCGA while 1/c cadets strengthened and shaped this paper. Notes 1. More information about the Crystal Serenity can be found on the website of Crystal Cruises, 2. For more information on the frequency and scale of ferry disasters, see Worldwide Ferry Safety Association,, or in-depth reporting in Mother Jones by James West, 3 June 2015; and Foreign Policy, by Elias Groll, 16 April 2014. 3. For a discussion of ship traffic in the Arctic, please see Allianz Safety and Shipping Review 2015 p. 27-28. The report is available here: 4. The full treaty is available: 5. For more information on the sinking of Oryong 501, see the article by Sang-hun (NYT, 2014); Honings (19 December 2014 and 15 December 2014); Klint (KTUU, 2014); Miller (Juneau Empire, 2014); and US Coast Guard (27 January 2015). 6. “Background Briefing on Arctic Council Preview”, Department of State, 24 April 2015. Available at 7. For more information on the Polar Code, see IMO, 8. In books like Fooled by Randomness (2005) and The Black Swan (2010), and others, Taleb argues for the significance of outlier events not captured in predictive models, and points to the impact of chaos and human error. 9. For a fascinating look at rogue or freak waves, see the MAXWAVE project conducted by a German-led consortium based out of the Institute of Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany. References Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic. Signed 12 May 2011, Nuuk, Greenland. Available at (last accessed 26 August 2015) Allianz Global Corporate and Speciality. “Safety and Shipping Review 2015”. Arctic Council. Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report. Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Working Group. (last accessed 26 August 2015). Large-Scale Disaster Response in