Arctic Yearbook 2015
1. In Part VI, Article 76 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS, 1982) describes
the process through which coastal states can determine the outer limits of their extended legal
continental shelves beyond the 200 nautical mile limit of their Exclusive Economic Zone
(EEZ) and thus gain marine sovereignty rights. Sedentary species (on the continental shelf)
are also regulated by Part VI and not Part V that focuses on coastal states’ rights and duties in
EEZ and includes regulations for living marine resources. For sedentary species occurring
beyond the continental shelf, the regime described seems rather unclear as the initial intention
was to regulate mining and extraction of other non-living resources, since at the time the
economic and commercial interest for those fishery resources had not developed to the extent
it has today.
Agnalt, A.-L. (2015). Genetikk og Snøkrabbe (familieforhold). In Snøkrabbe Et nytt verdifullt fiskeri –
hva gjør vi? Tromsø, Norway, 5th May 2015: Institute of Marine Research.
Agnalt, A.-L., & Jørstad, K. E. (2010). Recent Trends in Distribution and Abundance of the Snow
Crab (Chionoecetes opilio) Population in the Barents Sea. In: G.H. Kruse, G.L. Eckert, R.J.
Foy, R.N. Lipcius, B. Sainte-Marie, D.L. Stram, and D. Woodby (eds.). In Biology and Management
of Exploited Crab Populations under Clim FR6