Arctic Yearbook 2015 - Page 106

106 Arctic Yearbook 2015 where identity is believed to be a static essence, while others subscribe to a more dynamic and civicnational perception of what it means to be a Greenlander (ibid.) (cf. figure 1). When zooming in on the domestic political debates concerning protection of language, the often-used term ‘nonGreenlandic speaking Greenlander’ reveals that language cannot be used as demarcation line between Greenlander/non-Greenlander (ibid.). If a Greenlander does not speak Greenlandic, the person is merely perceived as a Greenlander with a flaw (cf. Gad 2005). Similar nuances appear when parliamentary climate debates are included in the analysis as higher temperatures represent a paradox because they, on the one hand, constitute an existential threat to the hunting traditions while they, on the other hand, help to diversify fishing opportunities and improve the accessibility for mining and hydrocarbon extraction. The unanimous support for the parliamentary motion regarding a territorial exclusion for Greenland in the Kyoto Protocol’s second commitment period (EM2013/109) indicates that the endeavour for new significant economic profits – necessary if future independence shall be realised – is favoured even if it may compromise culturally important hunting traditions and the environment. In this way, the current dominating collective identity narrative in Greenland contains an immanent tension between tradition and modernity, as it has done throughout history. Figure 1: Greenland’s political parties’ identity perception and preferable future relation to Denmark. Partii Inuit is marked with a dashed line to show that the party is no longer present in Inatsisartut. Cultural protection and demands for development through foreign relations Based on the exemplary historic analyses showing how the Greenlandic language, hunting traditions and a particular intimate relation to nature have been highlighted as central cultural components in the dominating collective identity narrative, the focus will now be narrowed down to the question of how these components have been articulated internationally since the introduction of selfgovernment. When doing this, it is relevant to look at whether these components have been securitised The Power of Collective Identity Narration