Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 538

  Briefing Note MAIN EXPECTED REGULATION FOR OF CHANGES IN LEGISLATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS FACILITIES IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC Tatiana Alieva According to the main documents on Russian Arctic development, the Arctic is considered as the strategic resource base of Russia. Under the conditions of increasing economic activities and global climate changes, preservation and protection of the Arctic environment, and also elimination of ecological consequences of economic activities, are the main goals of Russian state policy in the field of ensuring environmental safety of the Arctic. For minimization of negative impact on the Arctic environment, an increase in enterprises’ responsibility for environmental pollution is required. At the same time, in order to implement the state policy in the field of socio-economic development of the Russian Arctic, state support is provided to economic agents, which are carrying out their activities in the Arctic Zone, primarily in the field of development of hydrocarbon resources, other minerals and water biological resources. The Main Expected Changes in Environmental Regulation Currently, Russia is in the process of reforming its environmental and use of nature governance. One of the objectives of the reform is to differentiate economic agents at the level of potential environmental pollution and (or) of impact on human health and to apply to them proportionate Tatiana Alieva is a Senior Researcher & PhD in Economics at the Luzin Institute for Economic Studies of the Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Science, Apatity, Russia.