Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 531

531 Arctic Yearbook 2014 2011; Nelsen & Scoble 2006; Thomson & Joyce 2008; Tognato 2011. For the Russian scientific discourse the concept of social licensing is quite new, and there are very few publications related to this theme. Social License for the Mining Companies in the Russian Arctic: Relationships of Two Companies with the Local Communities For the case study research on whether and how the social license concept is used in Russia we have chosen two mining and processing companies and two municipalities. Both companies have mines located in the central part of the Kola Peninsula in the Khibiny mountains, on the territory of the Kirovsk municipality, and processing plants in the Kirovsk and Apatity municipalities of the ]\