REGIONAL INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
ARCTIC & SUBARCTIC ZONE: A VIEW FROM KARELIA
The Republic of Karelia is a cross-border region of the Russian Federation, which has an
approximately 800 kilometer long border with a European Union country – Finland. A crossborder location has had a great impact on the development of international cooperation in the
Republic of Karelia since the Soviet period, where in the mid-1960s, twin-city relations appeared.
Later, in the 1980s and 1990s, twin-city relations transformed into active contacts among
authorities, governmental and non-governmental organizations. The first interregional agreement
was signed in 1989 with Vermont State in the USA.
Interstate economic cooperation with neighboring Finland was already reflected in the 1980s in
such projects as the construction of the Kostomuksha Mining and