Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 284

284       Arctic Yearbook 2014 of capital is continuously at the expense of capital in another form. A resilient community is one that finds the appropriate balance of capital within a particular community context” (Callaghan & Colton 2008: 938-9). Net Benefits The fourth reserach question is: What are the net benefits of tourism practice for the community? A clear goal for net benefits emerged from the themes in the interviews: being able to continue to live in the community. They seem to be adopting this goal, which in turn makes the community more resilient to external shocks and less dependent on changes in the larger system. Accordingly, disturbances have proven to create a reaction of opportunities for innovation and re-organization for development (Folke 2006). If there is a lack of interest from the outside, the interviewees act on the needs of the community, in a way bypassing the national system. The four qualitative system dynamics models that the tourism hosts drew have been compiled in figure 4. The following is a narrative of the emerging components (emphasized with italics) and their relationships that either indicate a reinforcing dynamic (contain only relationships with + arrows) or a balancing dynamic (contain more – relationships than + relationships). Figure 4: Results of the participatory qualitative systems analysis: Does tourism practice make the community sustainable? The most important competing power of local tourism practice is the vast and relatively unspoiled natural environment. Free access to common pool resources creates a common informal code of   Work Creates Community