Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 255

255 Arctic Yearbook 2014   16. At the time of the field work there were 31 farms in the area. 17. Commercial sheep farming activity dates back to the beginning of 1900, introduced as an attempt to create new livelihoods for the local population. 18. The Tourism Development Plan (1991) recognized that this being “South” was a major drawback “Because South Greenland is situated outside the dog area” (Tourism Development Plan 1991: 5.3.3). Greenland Tourism was seeking for a different image of tourism in Greenland based mainly on “ice-attractions” and dog sledge activities, not in use in the south of Greenland. 19. 11 interviews were recorded (16 farms were visited out of 31). The questionnaire was submitted to farmer families already involved in tourist activities, and farmer families that may wish to start some tourist activity in the future. 20. From the field work done in 2007 in Qaanaaq: “Tourism development in remote places and peripheral areas: Qaanaaq”. 21. From dog sledge to kayak or motorboat tours, to hiking trips to the ice cap, the icebergs, and the glaciers. Whale and bird watching trips are offered as well as ice fishing, and arctic char fishing parties. Tourists can buy a tourist’s license to hunt most game, except polar bear, walrus and whales. Short hikes to the ice cap and visits to archaeological sites can be arranged. The cultural offers include drum dancing, choir singing, showing and telling about traditional costumes, and a kayak show. 22. In Qaanaaq, besides the hotel (5 double rooms), there are nine rooms, which can be rented (at telegraph and ionosphere stations). 23. Actually, and as in many other communities, economic transfers are probably the main source of income in the community. 24. Before the airport was built the last part of the trip was a scenic helicopter flight to Qaanaaq. Now an extra overnight stay is necessary in Ilulissat making the trip more expensive. Before the airport, twin otter airplanes, which could land on the ice, came frequently from Resolute with groups of tourists. 25. In total 26 were interviewed: 13 hunters, 8 hunter’s wives, 2 business owners, 2 carvers, and the tourist office leader (1). 26. Instead cruise ship tourism is not seen as an opportunity because - interviewees said - cruise ship tourists come ashore to take a look around and go again, not leaving any money in the community. In summer 5 or 6 cruise ship arrive, normally with between 50 to 300 passengers (Tommasini 2011). 27. “We should offer to tourists Bed and Breakfast or full accommodation and not only sledge tours. I would like to know what the requirements are to start accommodating people” Wife of informant 4: Professional hunter, Greenlander. Tourism, Human Capital & Regional Development in Three Communities in Greenland